DSM-5 substance use disorders among adult primary care patients: Results from a multisite study.
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BACKGROUND:There are limited data about the extent of DSM-5 substance use disorders (SUDs) among primary care patients. METHODS:This study analyzed data from a multisite validation study of a substance use screening instrument conducted in a diverse sample of 2000 adults aged ≥18 years recruited from five primary care practices in four states. Prevalence and correlates of 12-month DSM-5 SUDs were examined. RESULTS:Overall, 75.5% of the sample used any substance, including alcohol (62.0%), tobacco (44.1%), or illicit drugs/nonmedical medications (27.9%) in the past 12 months (marijuana 20.8%, cocaine 7.3%, opioids 4.8%, sedatives 4.1%, heroin 3.9%). The prevalence of any 12-month SUD was 36.0% (mild disorder 14.2%, moderate/severe disorder 21.8%): tobacco 25.3% (mild 11.5%, moderate/severe 13.8%); alcohol 13.9% (mild 6.9%, moderate/severe 7.0%); and any illicit/nonmedical drug 14.0% (mild 4.0%, moderate/severe 10.0%). Among past 12-month users, a high proportion of tobacco or drug users met criteria for a disorder: tobacco use disorder 57.4% (26.1% mild, 31.3% moderate/severe) and any drug use disorder 50.2% (14.3% mild, 35.8% moderate/severe); a lower proportion of alcohol users (22.4%) met criteria for alcohol use disorder (11.1% mild, 11.3% moderate/severe). Over 80% of adults with opioid/heroin use disorder met criteria for a moderate/severe disorder. Younger ages, male sex, and low education were associated with increased odds of having SUD. CONCLUSION:These findings reveal the high prevalence of SUDs in primary care and underscore the need to identify and address them.
Tobacco Use Disorder
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Primary Health Care
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.05.048
Publication InfoWu, Li-Tzy; McNeely, Jennifer; Subramaniam, Geetha A; Brady, Kathleen T; Sharma, Gaurav; VanVeldhuisen, Paul; ... Schwartz, Robert P (2017). DSM-5 substance use disorders among adult primary care patients: Results from a multisite study. Drug and alcohol dependence, 179. pp. 42-46. 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.05.048. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/19935.
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Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Education/Training: Pre- and post-doctoral training in mental health service research, psychiatric epidemiology (NIMH T32), and addiction epidemiology (NIDA T32) from Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health (Maryland); Fellow of the NIH Summer Institute on the Design and Conduct of Randomized Clinical Trials.Director: Duke Community Based Substance Use Disorder Research Program.Research interests: COVID-19, Opioid misuse, Opioid overdose, Opioid use disorder
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