Alcohol and drug use disorders among adults in emergency department settings in the United States.
Repository Usage Stats
Improving identification and treatment for substance use disorders is a national priority, but data about various drug use disorders encountered in emergency departments (EDs) are lacking. We examine past-year substance use and substance use disorders (alcohol, 9 drug classes) among adult ED users. Prevalences of substance use and substance use disorders among ED nonusers are calculated for reference purposes.Using data from the 2007 to 2009 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, we assessed substance use disorders among noninstitutionalized adults aged 18 years or older who responded to standardized survey questions administered by audio computer-assisted self-interviewing methods.Of all adults (N=113,672), 27.8% used the ED in the past year. ED users had higher prevalences than ED nonusers of coexisting alcohol and drug use (15.2% versus 12.1%), drug use (any drug, 16.9% versus 13.0%; marijuana, 12.1% versus 9.7%; opioids, 6.6% versus 4.1%), and alcohol or drug disorders (11.0% versus 8.5%). Among substance users, the ED group on average spent more days using drugs than the non-ED group; ED users manifested higher conditional rates of substance use disorders than ED nonusers (alcohol or drugs, 15.9% versus 11.7%; marijuana, 16.6% versus 13.2%; cocaine, 33.2% versus 22.3%; opioids, 20.6% versus 10.0%; stimulants, 18.6% versus 9.2%; sedatives, 35.0% versus 4.4%; tranquilizers, 12.4% versus 5.2%). Regardless of ED use status, substance-using young adults, men, and less-educated adults showed increased odds of having a substance use disorder.Drug use is prevalent and combined with high rates of drug use disorders among drug users treated in the ED.
Continental Population Groups
Emergency Service, Hospital
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.02.003
Publication InfoWu, Li-Tzy; Swartz, Marvin S; Wu, Zunyou; Mannelli, Paolo; Yang, Chongming; & Blazer, Dan G (2012). Alcohol and drug use disorders among adults in emergency department settings in the United States. Annals of emergency medicine, 60(2). pp. 172-80.e5. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.02.003. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/19959.
This is constructed from limited available data and may be imprecise. To cite this article, please review & use the official citation provided by the journal.
More InfoShow full item record
J. P. Gibbons Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry
I am currently semi-retired. Most of my recent work has been focused on roles with the National Academy of Medicine (former Institute of Medicine). I have chaired three committees during the past four years, one on the mental health and substance use workforce, one on cognitive aging, and one on hearing loss in adults. I currently also chair the Board on the Health of Select Populations for the National Academies. In the past I have been PI on a number of research
Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
My major research interest is in examining the effectiveness of services for severely mentally ill individuals, including factors that improve or impede good outcomes. Current research includes: the effectiveness of involuntary outpatient commitment, psychiatric advance directives, criminal justice outcomes for persons with mental illnesses, violence and mental illness and antipsychotic medications. I also served as member of the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Mandate
Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Education/Training: Pre- and post-doctoral training in mental health service research, psychiatric epidemiology (NIMH T32), and addiction epidemiology (NIDA T32) from Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health (Maryland); Fellow of the NIH Summer Institute on the Design and Conduct of Randomized Clinical Trials.Director: Duke Community Based Substance Use Disorder Research Program.Research interests: COVID-19, Opioid misuse, Opioid overdose, Opioid use disorder
Alphabetical list of authors with Scholars@Duke profiles.