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E-cigarette prevalence and correlates of use among adolescents versus adults: a review and comparison.

dc.contributor.author Carroll Chapman, Shawna L
dc.contributor.author Wu, Li-Tzy
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-03T05:29:32Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-03T05:29:32Z
dc.date.issued 2014-07
dc.identifier S0022-3956(14)00078-8
dc.identifier.issn 0022-3956
dc.identifier.issn 1879-1379
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/19977
dc.description.abstract Perceived safer than tobacco cigarettes, prevalence of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is increasing. Analyses of cartridges suggest that e-cigarettes may pose health risks. In light of increased use and the potential for consequences, we searched Google Scholar and Pubmed in July of 2013 using keywords, such as e-cigarette and vaping, to compare differences and similarities in prevalence and correlates of e-cigarette use among adolescents (grades 6-12) versus adults (aged ≥18 years). Twenty-one studies focused on e-cigarette use. Ever-use increased among various age groups. In 2011, ever-use was highest among young adults (college students and those aged 20-28; 4.9%-7.0%), followed by adults (aged ≥18; 0.6%-6.2%), and adolescents (grades 6-12 and aged 11-19; <1%-3.3%). However, in 2012 adolescent ever-use increased to 6.8% and, among high school students, went as high as 10.0%. While the identified common correlate of e-cigarette use was a history of cigarette smoking, a notable proportion of adolescents and young adults who never smoked cigarettes had ever-used e-cigarettes. E-cigarette use was not consistently associated with attempting to quit tobacco among young adults. Adults most often reported e-cigarettes as a substitute for tobacco, although not always to quit. Reviewed studies showed a somewhat different pattern of e-cigarette use among young people (new e-cigarette users who had never used tobacco) versus adults (former or current tobacco users). Research is needed to better characterize prevalences, use correlates, and motives of use in different population groups, including how adolescent and young adult experimentation with e-cigarettes relates to other types of substance use behaviors.
dc.language eng
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of psychiatric research
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.03.005
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Smoking
dc.subject Age Factors
dc.subject Databases, Factual
dc.subject Adolescent
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject Child
dc.subject Young Adult
dc.subject Electronic Cigarettes
dc.title E-cigarette prevalence and correlates of use among adolescents versus adults: a review and comparison.
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Wu, Li-Tzy|0380644
dc.date.updated 2020-02-03T05:29:31Z
pubs.begin-page 43
pubs.end-page 54
pubs.issue 1
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Center for Child and Family Policy
pubs.organisational-group Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group Duke Clinical Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Social and Community Psychiatry
pubs.organisational-group Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Medicine, General Internal Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Medicine
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 54
duke.contributor.orcid Wu, Li-Tzy|0000-0002-5909-2259


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