Cost-effectiveness of Surgical Treatment of Adult Spinal Deformity: Comparison of Posterior-only versus Antero-posterior Approach.
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BACKGROUND CONTEXT:Considerable debate exists regarding the optimal surgical approach for adult spinal deformity (ASD). It remains unclear which approach, posterior-only or combined anterior-posterior (AP), is more cost-effective. Our goal is to determine the 2-year cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) for each approach. PURPOSE:To compare the 2-year cost-effectiveness of surgical treatment for ASD between the posterior-only approach and combined AP approach. STUDY DESIGN:Retrospective economic analysis of a prospective, multicenter database PATIENT SAMPLE: From a prospective, multicenter surgical database of ASD, patients undergoing 5 or more level fusions through a posterior-only or AP approach were identified and compared. METHODS:QALYs gained were determined using baseline, 1-year, and 2-year post-operative Short Form 6D. Cost was calculated from actual, direct hospital costs including any subsequent readmission or revision. Cost-effectiveness was determined using cost/QALY gained. RESULTS:The AP approach showed significantly higher index cost than the posterior-only approach ($84,329 vs $64,281). This margin decreased at 2-year follow-up with total costs of $89,824 and $73,904, respectively. QALYs gained at two years were similar with 0.21 and 0.17 in the posterior-only and the AP approaches, respectively. The cost/QALY at two years after surgery was significantly higher in the AP approach ($525,080) than in the posterior-only approach ($351,086). CONCLUSIONS:We assessed 2-year cost-effectiveness for the surgical treatment through posterior-only and AP approaches. The posterior-only approach is less expensive both for the index surgery and at 2-year follow-up. The QALY gained at 2-years was similar between the two approaches. Thus, posterior-only approach was more cost-effective than the AP approach under our study parameters. However, both approaches were not cost-effective at 2-year follow-up.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1016/j.spinee.2020.03.018
Publication InfoOgura, Yoji; Gum, Jeffrey L; Hostin, Richard A; Robinson, Chessie; Ames, Christopher P; Glassman, Steven D; ... International Spine Study Group (ISSG) (2020). Cost-effectiveness of Surgical Treatment of Adult Spinal Deformity: Comparison of Posterior-only versus Antero-posterior Approach. The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society. 10.1016/j.spinee.2020.03.018. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/20580.
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