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Yopo, ethnicity and social change: a comparative analysis of Piaroa and Cuiva yopo uset.

dc.contributor.author Rodd, Robin
dc.contributor.author Sumabila, Arelis
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-15T05:24:13Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-15T05:24:13Z
dc.date.issued 2011-01
dc.identifier.issn 0279-1072
dc.identifier.issn 2159-9777
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/22358
dc.description.abstract Most Orinocoan ethnic groups, including the Cuiva and the Piaroa, use yopo, a hallucinogenic snuff derived from the seeds of the Anadenanthera peregrina tree. This study contrasts Piaroa and Cuiva attitudes toward and uses of yopo in light of ongoing processes of social change. We do not believe that these sociocultural forces will lead to a phasing out of yopo in Piaroa and Cuiva life. However, we demonstrate how, in nearby communities, a combination of historical and ethical contingencies lead to very different patterns and understanding of drug use. Yopo is strongly associated with the performance of narratives central to each ethnic group's cosmology and identity. Cuiva yopo consumption is also a means of resisting persecution and asserting the right to a just reality. Piaroa attitudes towards yopo are affected by the interplay of shamanic ethical principles and missionary activity, and are sometimes paradoxical: yopo is the reason for harm and the means of salvation; required by shamans to create the future and yet regarded by many laypeople as a relic of the past. We identify persecution, local responses to missionary activity, and shamanic ethics as key factors affecting the evolution of hallucinogen use by Amazonian ethnic groups.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Informa UK Limited
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of psychoactive drugs
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1080/02791072.2011.566499
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Substance-Related Disorders
dc.subject Hallucinogens
dc.subject Shamanism
dc.subject Culture
dc.subject Colonialism
dc.subject Social Change
dc.subject Legislation, Drug
dc.subject Religion
dc.subject Christianity
dc.subject Indians, South American
dc.subject Ethnic Groups
dc.subject Colombia
dc.subject Venezuela
dc.title Yopo, ethnicity and social change: a comparative analysis of Piaroa and Cuiva yopo uset.
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Rodd, Robin|1033265
dc.date.updated 2021-02-15T05:23:39Z
pubs.begin-page 36
pubs.end-page 45
pubs.issue 1
pubs.organisational-group Duke Kunshan University
pubs.organisational-group Duke Kunshan University Faculty
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 43
duke.contributor.orcid Rodd, Robin|0000-0002-7552-7160


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