Age-related slowing in the retrieval of information from long-term memory.
The present experiment investigated adult age differences in the retrieval of information from long-term memory. Each trial required a decision regarding the synonymy of two visually presented words. On the yes-response trials, the two words were either identical, differed only in case, or were synonyms that differed in case. Age differences in absolute decision time were greater for the synonyms than for the other word pairs, but the proportional slowing of decision time exhibited by the older adults was constant across word-pair type. A generalized age-related slowing in the speed of information processing can currently account for age differences in the retrieval of letter-identity and semantic information from long-term memory.
Pattern Recognition, Visual
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1093/geronj/40.2.208
Publication InfoMadden, DJ (1985). Age-related slowing in the retrieval of information from long-term memory. Journal of gerontology, 40(2). pp. 208-210. 10.1093/geronj/40.2.208. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/22554.
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Professor of Medical Psychology in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
My research focuses primarily on the cognitive neuroscience of aging: the investigation of age-related changes in perception, attention, and memory, using both behavioral measures and neuroimaging techniques, including positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The behavioral measures have focused on reaction time, with the goal of distinguishing age-related changes in specific cognitive abilities from mo