Equity in Global Food Systems Change: A Cross-Country Analysis of the Drivers of Food Insecurity
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Since the middle of the 20th century, policy makers have prioritized high agricultural productivity to maximize the production of a handful of staple crops used in the production of ultraprocessed foods and animal products. As a result, our food system produces large externalities for public health and the environment that are not currently priced in the market. Among many calls for change to this mode of production, there are also valid concerns about the impacts of such change on food security. This study sought to contribute to the debate around this topic by analyzing the relationship between food prices and food insecurity at the country level. Through multiple regression analysis, we find that higher food prices are associated with larger increases in food insecurity rates in lower-income settings than in higher-income settings. We also find that several others factors, such as GDP per capita, poverty rate, portion of rural population, and portion of population under 15 years old are significantly associated with food insecurity. These results suggest that focusing policy efforts on non-price related drivers of food insecurity may be effective in combating it, especially in higher-income settings – while offering the important added benefit of minimizing public-health and environmental damage.
DepartmentThe Sanford School of Public Policy
CitationD'Angelo Campos, Aline (2021). Equity in Global Food Systems Change: A Cross-Country Analysis of the Drivers of Food Insecurity. Master's project, Duke University. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/22756.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.
Rights for Collection: Sanford School Master of Public Policy (MPP) Program Master’s Projects