Novel Modification of Potassium Chloride Induced Cardiac Arrest Model for Aged Mice.
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Experimental cardiac arrest (CA) in aging research is infrequently studied in part due to the limitation of animal models. We aimed to develop an easily performed mouse CA model to meet this need. A standard mouse KCl-induced CA model using chest compressions and intravenous epinephrine for resuscitation was modified by blood withdrawal prior to CA onset, so as to decrease the requisite KCl dose to induce CA by decreasing the circulating blood volume. The modification was then compared to the standard model in young adult mice subjected to 8 min CA. 22-month old mice were then subjected to 8 min CA, resuscitated, and compared to young adult mice. Post-CA functional recovery was evaluated by measuring spontaneous locomotor activity pre-injury, and on post-CA days 1, 2, and 3. Neurological score and brain histology were examined on day 3. Brain elF2α phosphorylation levels were measured at 1 h to verify tissue stress. Compared to the standard model, the modification decreased cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration and increased 3-day survival in young mice. For aged mice, survival was 100 % at 24 h and 54% at 72 h. Neurological deficit was present 3 days post-CA, although more severe versus young mice. Mild neuronal necrosis was present in the cortex and hippocampus. The modified model markedly induced elF2α phosphorylation in both age groups. This modified procedure makes the CA model feasible in aged mice and provides a practical platform for understanding injury mechanisms and developing therapeutics for elderly patients.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.14336/ad.2017.0221
Publication InfoLiu, Huaqin; Yu, Zhui; Li, Ying; Xu, Bin; Yan, Baihui; Paschen, Wulf; ... Sheng, Huaxin (2018). Novel Modification of Potassium Chloride Induced Cardiac Arrest Model for Aged Mice. Aging and disease, 9(1). pp. 31-39. 10.14336/ad.2017.0221. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/23252.
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Professor in Anesthesiology
My research interests are understanding the mechanisms underlying induction of cell death induced by a severe form of cellular stress. I am particularly interested in the role of the endoplasmic reticulum in the pathological process induced by transient cerebral ischemia and culminating in neuronal cell death. This pathological process is associated with an irreversible suppression of protein synthese that limits the ability of cells to withstand ischemia-induced impairment of endoplasmic r
Associate Professor in Anesthesiology
We have successfully developed various rodent models of brain and spinal cord injuries in our lab, such as focal cerebral ischemia, global cerebral ischemia, head trauma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage, spinal cord ischemia and compression injury. We also established cardiac arrest and hemorrhagic shock models for studying multiple organ dysfunction. Our current studies focus on two projects. One is to examine the efficacy of catalytic antioxidant in treating cerebral is
David Samuel Warner
Distinguished Distinguished Professor of Anesthesiology, in the School of Medicine
Humans may sustain a variety of forms of acute central nervous system injury including ischemia, trauma, vasospasm, and perinatal hypoxemia. The Multidisciplinary Neuroprotection Laboratories is dedicated to examining the pathophysiology of acute brain and spinal cord injury with particular reference to disease states managed in the perioperative or neurointensive care environments. Rodent recovery models of cerebral ischemia, traumatic brain injury, cardiopulmonary bypass, subarachnoid he
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Associate Professor in Anesthesiology
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