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Setting practical conservation priorities for birds in the Western Andes of Colombia.

dc.contributor.author Ocampo-Peñuela, Natalia
dc.contributor.author Pimm, Stuart L
dc.date.accessioned 2021-08-02T18:42:43Z
dc.date.available 2021-08-02T18:42:43Z
dc.date.issued 2014-10
dc.identifier.issn 0888-8892
dc.identifier.issn 1523-1739
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/23554
dc.description.abstract We aspired to set conservation priorities in ways that lead to direct conservation actions. Very large-scale strategic mapping leads to familiar conservation priorities exemplified by biodiversity hotspots. In contrast, tactical conservation actions unfold on much smaller geographical extents and they need to reflect the habitat loss and fragmentation that have sharply restricted where species now live. Our aspirations for direct, practical actions were demanding. First, we identified the global, strategic conservation priorities and then downscaled to practical local actions within the selected priorities. In doing this, we recognized the limitations of incomplete information. We started such a process in Colombia and used the results presented here to implement reforestation of degraded land to prevent the isolation of a large area of cloud forest. We used existing range maps of 171 bird species to identify priority conservation areas that would conserve the greatest number of species at risk in Colombia. By at risk species, we mean those that are endemic and have small ranges. The Western Andes had the highest concentrations of such species-100 in total-but the lowest densities of national parks. We then adjusted the priorities for this region by refining these species ranges by selecting only areas of suitable elevation and remaining habitat. The estimated ranges of these species shrank by 18-100% after accounting for habitat and suitable elevation. Setting conservation priorities on the basis of currently available range maps excluded priority areas in the Western Andes and, by extension, likely elsewhere and for other taxa. By incorporating detailed maps of remaining natural habitats, we made practical recommendations for conservation actions. One recommendation was to restore forest connections to a patch of cloud forest about to become isolated from the main Andes.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1111/cobi.12312
dc.subject Animals
dc.subject Birds
dc.subject Conservation of Natural Resources
dc.subject Ecosystem
dc.subject Biodiversity
dc.subject Colombia
dc.subject Animal Distribution
dc.subject Geographic Mapping
dc.title Setting practical conservation priorities for birds in the Western Andes of Colombia.
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Pimm, Stuart L|0295985
dc.date.updated 2021-08-02T18:42:38Z
pubs.begin-page 1260
pubs.end-page 1270
pubs.issue 5
pubs.organisational-group Nicholas School of the Environment
pubs.organisational-group Environmental Sciences and Policy
pubs.organisational-group Duke Science & Society
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 28
duke.contributor.orcid Pimm, Stuart L|0000-0003-4206-2456


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