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The Racist Anti-Racism of American Anthropology

dc.contributor.author Baker, LD
dc.date.accessioned 2021-11-23T21:28:52Z
dc.date.available 2021-11-23T21:28:52Z
dc.date.issued 2021-10-01
dc.identifier.issn 1051-0559
dc.identifier.issn 1548-7466
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/24005
dc.description.abstract In 1909 Franz Boas conducted a massive study entitled Changes in Bodily Forms of Descendants of Immigrants. In this study, he demonstrated that Eastern and Southern European immigrants to the United States were not racially different from other Europeans because of what he called “the marvelous power of amalgamation.” Boas’s study dealt a blow to scientific racism because he demonstrated the plasticity and instability of racial types. Boas chose to emphasize the enormous gulf between the white and non-white races. His research and advocacy were anti-racist, but the way he promoted assimilation was racist. The next year W.E.B. Du Bois invited Boas to give the final lecture at the conference where the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was officially incorporated. Boas presented “The Real Race Problem,” in which he argued that the real problem was the “difference in type.” To solve it, the Negro needed to amalgamate by “encouraging the gradual process of lightening up this large body of people by the influx of white blood.” American anthropologists joined other Progressive Era reformers committed to assimilation, like the orphan train and Indian boarding school movements. They were each striving to be anti-racist but went off the rails, contributing to the consolidation of whiteness and the perpetuation of racism.
dc.language en
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Transforming Anthropology
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1111/traa.12222
dc.title The Racist Anti-Racism of American Anthropology
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Baker, LD|0116747
dc.date.updated 2021-11-23T21:28:51Z
pubs.begin-page 127
pubs.end-page 142
pubs.issue 2
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group African & African American Studies
pubs.organisational-group Cultural Anthropology
pubs.organisational-group Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 29
duke.contributor.orcid Baker, LD|0000-0002-0430-3354


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