Time-Scaled Stochastic Input to Biochemical Reaction Networks
Biochemical reaction networks with a sufficiently large number of molecules may be represented as systems of differential equations. Many networks receive inputs that fluctuate continuously in time. These networks may never settle down to a static equilibrium and are of great interest both mathematically and biologically. Biological systems receive inputs that vary on multiple time scales. Hormonal and neural inputs vary on a scale of seconds or minutes; inputs from meals and circadian rhythms vary on a scale of hours or days; and long term environmental changes (such as diet, disease, and pollution) vary on a scale of years. In this thesis, we consider the limiting behavior of networks in which the input is on a different time scale compared to the reaction kinetics within the network.
We prove analytic results of how the variance of reaction rates within a system compares to the variance of the input when the input is on a different time scale than the reaction kinetics within the network. We consider the behavior of simple chains, single species complex networks, reversible chains, and certain classes of non-linear systems with time-scaled stochastic input, as the input speeds up and slows down. In all cases, as the input fluctuates more and more quickly, the variance of species within the system approaches to zero. As the input fluctuates more and more slowly, the variance of the species approaches the variance of the input, up to a normalization factor.
stochastic differential equations
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