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The Earnings Effects of Sexual Orientation

dc.contributor.author Black, Dan A
dc.contributor.author Makar, Hoda R
dc.contributor.author Sanders, Seth
dc.contributor.author Taylor, Lowell J
dc.date.accessioned 2010-06-28T18:50:23Z
dc.date.available 2010-06-28T18:50:23Z
dc.date.issued 2003-04
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/2564
dc.description.abstract This investigation of the effect of sexual orientation on earnings employs General Social Survey data from 1989-96. Depending largely on the definition of sexual orientation used, earnings are estimated as having been between 14% and 16% lower for gay men than for heterosexual men, and between 20% and 34% higher for lesbian women than for heterosexual women. This evidence, the authors suggest, is consistent with either of two complementary constructions: Gary Becker's argument that male/female earnings differentials are rooted in specialization within households and in optimal human capital accumulation decisions individuals make when they are young; and Claudia Goldin's observations about marriage-based gender discrimination, according to which the paternalistic "protection" of wives and mothers from the world of work has tended to overlook lesbians.
dc.format.extent 608197 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Industrial and Labor Relations Review
dc.subject Earnings
dc.subject Sexual Orientation
dc.subject specialization
dc.title The Earnings Effects of Sexual Orientation
dc.type Journal article


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