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Assessing China’s Economic and Political Power Play

dc.contributor.advisor Malesky, Edmund Wang, Yuelin 2023-03-28T21:51:31Z 2023-03-28T21:51:31Z 2022
dc.description.abstract <p>How effectively has China utilized its economic power to gain political support worldwide? This paper aims to answer this question, which is vital to understanding the new dynamics of the international order, through a more appropriate quantitative analysis. To this end, it first discusses why the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Voting Data, which is commonly used to measure a country's foreign policy alignment, is a relatively ineffective method. Thereafter, it proposes a new set of measurements that better represent China's core political intentions under its overseas economic efforts: other countries' support for China's sovereign standing and China-built new international institutions. I also argue that different types of economic interactions may influence other countries' political support for China in varying patterns. By creating novel datasets to measure other countries' alignment with China on Hong Kong, Xinjiang, and the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), I find that China has partly translated its economic power into its global political influence with different mechanisms. First, countries that receive more aid from China are more inclined to align with China's sovereign standings. Second, countries that trade more with China are more likely to show explicit political support for China-built new institutions. These findings advance our understanding of China's economic power and the complex interaction between global politics and economy.</p>
dc.subject Political science
dc.subject Aid and Foreign Policy
dc.subject Chinese Foreign Policy
dc.subject Trade Dependence and Foreign Policy
dc.subject UNGA Voting
dc.title Assessing China’s Economic and Political Power Play
dc.type Master's thesis
dc.department Political Science

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