Now showing items 21-40 of 104

    • Chikungunya and dengue fever among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania. 

      Bartlett, John A; Chow, A; Crump, John Andrew; Gubler, DJ; Hertz, JT; Howe, S; Kinabo, GD; ... (14 authors) (Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2012-01)
      Consecutive febrile admissions were enrolled at two hospitals in Moshi, Tanzania. Confirmed acute Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), Dengue virus (DENV), and flavivirus infection were defined as a positive polymerase chain reaction ...
    • Chikungunya as a cause of acute febrile illness in southern Sri Lanka. 

      Akoroda, U; Bodinayake, Champica K; Chow, A; Chua, R; Devasiri, V; Gubler, DJ; Hou, Y; ... (14 authors) (PLoS One, 2013)
      BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) re-emerged in Sri Lanka in late 2006 after a 40-year hiatus. We sought to identify and characterize acute chikungunya infection (CHIK) in patients presenting with acute undifferentiated ...
    • Child work and labour among orphaned and abandoned children in five low and middle income countries. 

      Buckner, M; Messer, Lynne Corinne; O'Donnell, Karen Jones; Ostermann, Jan; Pence, Brian Wells; Positive Outcomes for Orphans (POFO) Research Team; Thielman, Nathan Maclyn; ... (9 authors) (BMC Int Health Hum Rights, 2011-01-13)
      BACKGROUND: The care and protection of the estimated 143,000,000 orphaned and abandoned children (OAC) worldwide is of great importance to global policy makers and child service providers in low and middle income countries ...
    • Civic engagement among orphans and non-orphans in five low- and middle-income countries. 

      Gray, CL; Messer, Lynne Corinne; O'Donnell, Karen Jones; Ostermann, Jan; Pence, Brian Wells; Thielman, Nathan Maclyn; Whetten, Kathryn; ... (8 authors) (Global Health, 2016-10-11)
      BACKGROUND: Communities and nations seeking to foster social responsibility in their youth are interested in understanding factors that predict and promote youth involvement in public activities. Orphans and separated children ...
    • Clinical utility of a Web-enabled risk-assessment and clinical decision support program. 

      Buchanan, AH; Ginsburg, Geoffrey Steven; Hauser, Elizabeth Rebecca; Henrich, VC; Myers, Rachel A; Orlando, Lori Ann; Wu, Rebekah Ryanne (Genet Med, 2016-10)
      PURPOSE: Risk-stratified guidelines can improve quality of care and cost-effectiveness, but their uptake in primary care has been limited. MeTree, a Web-based, patient-facing risk-assessment and clinical decision support ...
    • Communication practices in physician decision-making for an unstable critically ill patient with end-stage cancer. 

      Mohan, D; Alexander, SC; Garrigues, SK; Arnold, RM; Barnato, AE (J Palliat Med, 2010-08)
      BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making has become the standard of care for most medical treatments. However, little is known about physician communication practices in the decision making for unstable critically ill patients ...
    • Competition between non-profit and for-profit health insurers. 

      Adamache, KW; Sloan, Frank A (J Health Econ, 1983-12)
      This study investigates the effects of tax, regulatory, and reimbursement policies and other factors exogenous to the health insurance market on the relative price (to commercial insurers) paid by Blue Cross plans for hospital ...
    • Correlates of poor health among orphans and abandoned children in less wealthy countries: the importance of caregiver health. 

      O'Donnell, Karen Jones; Ostermann, Jan; Positive Outcomes for Orphans (POFO) Research Team; Thielman, Nathan Maclyn; Whetten, Kathryn; Whetten, Rachel (PLoS One, 2012)
      BACKGROUND: More than 153 million children worldwide have been orphaned by the loss of one or both parents, and millions more have been abandoned. We investigated relationships between the health of orphaned and abandoned ...
    • Correlates of sedentary time and physical activity among preschool-aged children. 

      Brouwer, Rebecca; Dolinsky, DH; Evenson, KR; Østbye, Truls; Siega-Riz, AM (Prev Chronic Dis, 2011-11)
      INTRODUCTION: Few studies have examined the correlates of objectively measured amounts of sedentary time and physical activity in young children. We evaluated the demographic, biological, behavioral, social, and environmental ...
    • Cost of capital to the hospital sector. 

      Hassan, M; Morrisey, MA; Sloan, Frank A; Valvona, J (J Health Econ, 1988-03)
      This paper provides estimates of the cost of equity and debt capital to for-profit and non-profit hospitals in the U.S. for the years 1972-83. The cost of equity is estimated using, alternatively, the Capital Asset Pricing ...
    • Critical appraisal of four IL-6 immunoassays. 

      Huffman, Kim Marie; Kraus, Virginia Byers; Kraus, William Erle; Thompson, DK (PLoS One, 2012)
      BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) contributes to numerous inflammatory, metabolic, and physiologic pathways of disease. We evaluated four IL-6 immunoassays in order to identify a reliable assay for studies of metabolic and ...
    • Cytokine profiles of preterm neonates with fungal and bacterial sepsis. 

      Adams-Chapman, I; Benjamin, Daniel Kelly; Carlo, WA; Das, A; Ehrenkranz, RA; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network; Goldberg, RN; ... (18 authors) (Pediatr Res, 2012-08)
      BACKGROUND: Information on cytokine profiles in fungal sepsis (FS), an important cause of mortality in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants, is lacking. We hypothesized that cytokine profiles in the first 21 d of life ...
    • Development of a blood-based gene expression algorithm for assessment of obstructive coronary artery disease in non-diabetic patients. 

      Elashoff, MR; Wingrove, JA; Beineke, P; Daniels, SE; Tingley, WG; Rosenberg, S; Voros, S; ... (16 authors) (BMC Med Genomics, 2011-03-28)
      BACKGROUND: Alterations in gene expression in peripheral blood cells have been shown to be sensitive to the presence and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD). A non-invasive blood test that could reliably assess obstructive ...
    • Diffusion of surgical technology. An exploratory study. 

      Adamache, KW; Perrin, JM; Sloan, Frank A; Valvona, J (J Health Econ, 1986-03)
      The study presents an empirical analysis of the diffusion patterns of five surgical procedures. Roles of payer mix, regulatory policies, physician diffusion, competition among hospitals, and various hospital characteristics ...
    • Distribution of HPV genotypes in cervical intraepithelial lesions and cervical cancer in Tanzanian women. 

      Bartlett, John A; Hernandez, BY; Hoyo, Cathrine; Mlay, P; Murphy, Susan Kay; Obure, J; Oneko, O; ... (12 authors) (Infect Agent Cancer, 2011-11-14)
      BACKGROUND: Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with uterine cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and invasive cancers (ICC). Approximately 80% of ICC cases are diagnosed in under-developed countries. ...
    • Do smokers respond to health shocks? 

      Desvousges, WH; Johnson, FR; Sloan, Frank A; Smith, VK; Taylor, DH (Review of Economics and Statistics, 2001-11-01)
      This paper reports the first effort to use data to evaluate how new information, acquired through exogenous health shocks, affects people's longevity expectations. We find that smokers react differently to health shocks ...
    • Do specialty courts achieve better outcomes for children in foster care than general courts? 

      Acquah, KF; Blevins, CE; Eldred, LM; Gifford, Elizabeth Joanne; Sloan, Frank A (Eval Rev, 2013-02)
      OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effects of unified family and drug treatment courts (DTCs) on the resolution of cases involving foster care children and the resulting effects on school performance. METHOD: The first analytic ...
    • Does higher hospital cost imply higher quality of care? 

      Chou, SY; Picone, Gabriel A; Sloan, Frank A; Taylor, DH (Review of Economics and Statistics, 2003-02-01)
      This study investigates whether higher input use per stay in the hospital (treatment intensity) and longer length of stay improve outcomes of care. We allow for endogeneity of intensity and length of stay by estimating a ...
    • Does improved access to diagnostic imaging results reduce hospital length of stay? A retrospective study. 

      Borthne, AS; Gulbrandsen, P; Hurlen, P; Østbye, Truls (BMC Health Serv Res, 2010-09-06)
      BACKGROUND: One year after the introduction of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to support diagnostic imaging at our hospital, clinicians had faster and better access to radiology reports and images; direct ...
    • Early versus delayed fixed dose combination abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine in patients with HIV and tuberculosis in Tanzania. 

      Bartlett, John A; Crump, John Andrew; Kiwera, RA; Moon, AM; Ole-Nguyaine, S; Ramadhani, HO; Shao, HJ; ... (11 authors) (AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses, 2009-12)
      Fixed dose combination abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine (ABC/3TC/ZDV) among HIV-1 and tuberculosis (TB)-coinfected patients was evaluated and outcomes between early vs. delayed initiation were compared. In a randomized, pilot ...