Now showing items 1-9 of 9
Tb in a global health exchange program.
(J Gen Intern Med, 2012-01)
Histoplasmosis among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania.
(Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 2012-08)
Histoplasmosis may be common in East Africa but the diagnosis is rarely confirmed. We report 9 (0.9%) cases of probable histoplasmosis retrospectively identified among 970 febrile inpatients studied in northern Tanzania. ...
Utility of rapid antibody tests to exclude HIV-1 infection among infants and children aged <18 months in a low-resource setting.
(J Clin Virol, 2012-11)
BACKGROUND: Excluding HIV infection among infants and young children in resource-poor settings where nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) are not routinely available remains a considerable challenge. OBJECTIVES: To assess ...
Bacteremic disseminated tuberculosis in sub-saharan Africa: a prospective cohort study.
(Clin Infect Dis, 2012-07)
BACKGROUND: Disseminated tuberculosis is a major health problem in countries where generalized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection epidemics coincide with high tuberculosis incidence rates; data are limited on patient ...
Changes in HIV risk behavior and seroincidence among clients presenting for repeat HIV counseling and testing in Moshi, Tanzania.
(AIDS Care, 2012)
While HIV counseling and testing (HCT) has been considered an HIV preventive measure in Africa, data are limited describing behavior changes following HCT. This study evaluated behavior changes and estimated HIV seroincidence ...
Brucellosis among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania.
(Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2012-12)
Acute and convalescent serum samples were collected from febrile inpatients identified at two hospitals in Moshi, Tanzania. Confirmed brucellosis was defined as a positive blood culture or a ≥ 4-fold increase in ...
Lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy after virologic failure of first-line antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate virologic response rates of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) monotherapy as second-line antiretroviral treatment (ART) among adults in resource-limited settings (RLSs). DESIGN: An open-label pilot study ...
Initial HIV-1 antigen-specific CD8+ T cells in acute HIV-1 infection inhibit transmitted/founder virus replication.
(J Virol, 2012-06)
CD8-mediated virus inhibition can be detected in HIV-1-positive subjects who naturally control virus replication. Characterizing the inhibitory function of CD8(+) T cells during acute HIV-1 infection (AHI) can elucidate ...
Chikungunya and dengue fever among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania.
(Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2012-01)
Consecutive febrile admissions were enrolled at two hospitals in Moshi, Tanzania. Confirmed acute Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), Dengue virus (DENV), and flavivirus infection were defined as a positive polymerase chain reaction ...