Now showing items 1-10 of 18
Initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected adults with skin complaints in northern Tanzania.
(Int J Dermatol, 2015-01)
Abnormal skin findings are identified in over 90% of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons globally. A prospective cohort study of HIV-infected patients with skin complaints commencing antiretroviral therapy ...
Travelers with sickle cell disease.
(J Travel Med, 2014-09)
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common genetic disease among persons with African ancestry. This article provides a background to SCD and reviews many important aspects of travel preparation in this population. ...
Accuracy of proactive case finding for mental disorders by community informants in Nepal.
(Br J Psychiatry, 2015-12)
BACKGROUND: Accurate detection of persons in need of mental healthcare is crucial to reduce the treatment gap between psychiatric burden and service use in low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries. AIMS: To evaluate the accuracy ...
Host gene expression classifiers diagnose acute respiratory illness etiology.
(Sci Transl Med, 2016-01-20)
Acute respiratory infections caused by bacterial or viral pathogens are among the most common reasons for seeking medical care. Despite improvements in pathogen-based diagnostics, most patients receive inappropriate antibiotics. ...
Bacteremic disseminated tuberculosis in sub-saharan Africa: a prospective cohort study.
(Clin Infect Dis, 2012-07)
BACKGROUND: Disseminated tuberculosis is a major health problem in countries where generalized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection epidemics coincide with high tuberculosis incidence rates; data are limited on patient ...
Changes in HIV risk behavior and seroincidence among clients presenting for repeat HIV counseling and testing in Moshi, Tanzania.
(AIDS Care, 2012)
While HIV counseling and testing (HCT) has been considered an HIV preventive measure in Africa, data are limited describing behavior changes following HCT. This study evaluated behavior changes and estimated HIV seroincidence ...
Brucellosis among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania.
Integrated analysis of CANVAS 1 and 2: phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind studies to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ceftaroline versus vancomycin plus aztreonam in complicated skin and skin-structure infection.
(Clin Infect Dis, 2010-09-15)
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a common cause of complicated skin and skin-structure infection (cSSSI). Increasing antimicrobial resistance in cSSSI has led to a need for new safe and effective ...
Poor Positive Predictive Value of Lyme Disease Serologic Testing in an Area of Low Disease Incidence.
(Clin Infect Dis, 2015-11-01)
BACKGROUND: Lyme disease is diagnosed by 2-tiered serologic testing in patients with a compatible clinical illness, but the significance of positive test results in low-prevalence regions has not been investigated. METHODS: ...
Chikungunya as a cause of acute febrile illness in southern Sri Lanka.
(PLoS One, 2013)
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) re-emerged in Sri Lanka in late 2006 after a 40-year hiatus. We sought to identify and characterize acute chikungunya infection (CHIK) in patients presenting with acute undifferentiated ...