Now showing items 21-30 of 402
Effects of the dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet, exercise, and caloric restriction on neurocognition in overweight adults with high blood pressure.
High blood pressure increases the risks of stroke, dementia, and neurocognitive dysfunction. Although aerobic exercise and dietary modifications have been shown to reduce blood pressure, no randomized trials have examined ...
The effects of participation level on recidivism: a study of drug treatment courts using propensity score matching.
(Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy, 2014-09-24)
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence has suggested that drug treatment courts (DTCs) reduce re-arrest rates. However, DTC program completion rates are low and little is known about the effectiveness of lower levels of program ...
Variability in the treatment of elderly patients with stage IIIA (N2) non-small-cell lung cancer.
(J Thorac Oncol, 2013-06)
INTRODUCTION: : We evaluated treatment patterns of elderly patients with stage IIIA (N2) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: : The use of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation for patients with stage IIIA (T1-T3N2M0) ...
The human antibody response to the surface of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
(PLoS One, 2014)
BACKGROUND: Vaccine-induced human antibodies to surface components of Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumonia are correlated with protection. Monoclonal antibodies to surface components of Mycobacterium tuberculosis ...
White matter compromise in veterans exposed to primary blast forces.
(J Head Trauma Rehabil, 2015-01)
OBJECTIVE: Use diffusion tensor imaging to investigate white matter alterations associated with blast exposure with or without acute symptoms of traumatic brain injury (TBI). PARTICIPANTS: Forty-five veterans of the recent ...
Pinning down response inhibition in the brain--conjunction analyses of the Stop-signal task.
Successful behavior requires a finely-tuned interplay of initiating and inhibiting motor programs to react effectively to constantly changing environmental demands. One particularly useful paradigm for investigating inhibitory ...
Implementation and randomized controlled trial evaluation of universal postnatal nurse home visiting.
(Am J Public Health, 2014-02)
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated whether a brief, universal, postnatal nurse home-visiting intervention can be implemented with high penetration and fidelity, prevent emergency health care services, and promote positive parenting ...
Studying human fertility and environmental exposures.
(Environ Health Perspect, 2004-08)
Life-narrative and word-cued autobiographical memories in centenarians: comparisons with 80-year-old control, depressed, and dementia groups.
Centenarians provided autobiographical memories to either a request for a life narrative or a request to produce autobiographical memories to cue words. Both methods produced distributions with childhood-amnesia, ...
Action video game playing is associated with improved visual sensitivity, but not alterations in visual sensory memory.
(Atten Percept Psychophys, 2013-08)
Action video game playing has been experimentally linked to a number of perceptual and cognitive improvements. These benefits are captured through a wide range of psychometric tasks and have led to the proposition that action ...