Now showing items 31-40 of 399
Pinning down response inhibition in the brain--conjunction analyses of the Stop-signal task.
Successful behavior requires a finely-tuned interplay of initiating and inhibiting motor programs to react effectively to constantly changing environmental demands. One particularly useful paradigm for investigating inhibitory ...
Implementation and randomized controlled trial evaluation of universal postnatal nurse home visiting.
(Am J Public Health, 2014-02)
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated whether a brief, universal, postnatal nurse home-visiting intervention can be implemented with high penetration and fidelity, prevent emergency health care services, and promote positive parenting ...
Studying human fertility and environmental exposures.
(Environ Health Perspect, 2004-08)
Life-narrative and word-cued autobiographical memories in centenarians: comparisons with 80-year-old control, depressed, and dementia groups.
Centenarians provided autobiographical memories to either a request for a life narrative or a request to produce autobiographical memories to cue words. Both methods produced distributions with childhood-amnesia, ...
Action video game playing is associated with improved visual sensitivity, but not alterations in visual sensory memory.
(Atten Percept Psychophys, 2013-08)
Action video game playing has been experimentally linked to a number of perceptual and cognitive improvements. These benefits are captured through a wide range of psychometric tasks and have led to the proposition that action ...
Interaction Between the FOXO1A-209 Genotype and Tea Drinking Is Significantly Associated with Reduced Mortality at Advanced Ages.
(Rejuvenation Res, 2016-06)
On the basis of the genotypic/phenotypic data from Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) and Cox proportional hazard model, the present study demonstrates that interactions between carrying FOXO1A-209 genotypes ...
Diet-induced obesity differentially regulates behavioral, biomechanical, and molecular risk factors for osteoarthritis in mice.
(Arthritis Res Ther, 2010)
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis in both weight-bearing and nonweight-bearing joints. The mechanisms by which obesity influences the structural or symptomatic features of ...
A randomized controlled trial of standard versus intensified tuberculosis diagnostics on treatment decisions by physicians in Northern Tanzania.
(BMC Infect Dis, 2014-02-20)
BACKGROUND: Routine tuberculosis culture remains unavailable in many high-burden areas, including Tanzania. This study sought to determine the impact of providing mycobacterial culture results over standard of care ...
A case of frontal neuropsychological and neuroimaging signs following multiple primary-blast exposure.
Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) from the Afghanistan and Iraq wars represents a significant medical concern for troops and veterans. To better understand the consequences of primary-blast injury in humans, we ...
The keys to healthy family child care homes intervention: study design and rationale.
(Contemp Clin Trials, 2015-01)
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major public health problem for which early preventive interventions are needed. Large numbers of young children are enrolled in some form of child care program, making these facilities influential ...