Now showing items 1-10 of 25
Travelers with sickle cell disease.
(J Travel Med, 2014-09)
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common genetic disease among persons with African ancestry. This article provides a background to SCD and reviews many important aspects of travel preparation in this population. ...
Host gene expression classifiers diagnose acute respiratory illness etiology.
(Sci Transl Med, 2016-01-20)
Acute respiratory infections caused by bacterial or viral pathogens are among the most common reasons for seeking medical care. Despite improvements in pathogen-based diagnostics, most patients receive inappropriate antibiotics. ...
Estimating leptospirosis incidence using hospital-based surveillance and a population-based health care utilization survey in Tanzania.
(PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2013)
BACKGROUND: The incidence of leptospirosis, a neglected zoonotic disease, is uncertain in Tanzania and much of sub-Saharan Africa, resulting in scarce data on which to prioritize resources for public health interventions ...
Brucellosis among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania.
Leptospirosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection among febrile inpatients in northern Tanzania.
(Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis, 2013-08)
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are prevalent in many areas, including northern Tanzania, yet little is known about their interaction. METHODS: We enrolled febrile inpatients at ...
Comparing actual and perceived causes of fever among community members in a low malaria transmission setting in northern Tanzania.
(Trop Med Int Health, 2013-11)
OBJECTIVE: To compare actual and perceived causes of fever in northern Tanzania. METHODS: In a standardised survey, heads of households in 30 wards in Moshi, Tanzania, were asked to identify the most common cause of fever ...
Poor Positive Predictive Value of Lyme Disease Serologic Testing in an Area of Low Disease Incidence.
(Clin Infect Dis, 2015-11-01)
BACKGROUND: Lyme disease is diagnosed by 2-tiered serologic testing in patients with a compatible clinical illness, but the significance of positive test results in low-prevalence regions has not been investigated. METHODS: ...
Chikungunya as a cause of acute febrile illness in southern Sri Lanka.
(PLoS One, 2013)
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) re-emerged in Sri Lanka in late 2006 after a 40-year hiatus. We sought to identify and characterize acute chikungunya infection (CHIK) in patients presenting with acute undifferentiated ...
Leptospirosis among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania.
(Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2011-08)
We enrolled consecutive febrile admissions to two hospitals in Moshi, Tanzania. Confirmed leptospirosis was defined as a ≥ 4-fold increase in microscopic agglutination test (MAT) titer; probable leptospirosis as reciprocal ...
Antibiotic overuse for acute respiratory tract infections in Sri Lanka: a qualitative study of outpatients and their physicians.
(BMC Fam Pract, 2018-03-01)
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are a common reason for antibiotic overuse worldwide. We previously showed that over 80% of outpatients presenting to a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka ...