Now showing items 1-10 of 12
Memory and coping with stress: the relationship between cognitive-emotional distinctiveness, memory valence, and distress.
Cognitive-emotional distinctiveness (CED), the extent to which an individual separates emotions from an event in the cognitive representation of the event, was explored in four studies. CED was measured using a modified ...
The short and long of it: neural correlates of temporal-order memory for autobiographical events.
The spatiotemporal dynamics of autobiographical memory: neural correlates of recall, emotional intensity, and reliving.
(Cereb Cortex, 2008-01)
We sought to map the time course of autobiographical memory retrieval, including brain regions that mediate phenomenological experiences of reliving and emotional intensity. Participants recalled personal memories to auditory ...
Memory in posttraumatic stress disorder: properties of voluntary and involuntary, traumatic and nontraumatic autobiographical memories in people with and without posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms.
(J Exp Psychol Gen, 2008-11)
One hundred fifteen undergraduates rated 15 word-cued memories and their 3 most negatively stressful, 3 most positive, and 7 most important events and completed tests of personality and depression. Eighty-nine also recorded ...
The reappearance hypothesis revisited: recurrent involuntary memories after traumatic events and in everyday life.
(Mem Cognit, 2008-03)
Recurrent involuntary memories are autobiographical memories that come to mind with no preceding retrieval attempt and that are subjectively experienced as being repetitive. Clinically, they are classified as a symptom of ...
Gender differences in the risk of HIV infection among persons reporting abstinence, monogamy, and multiple sexual partners in northern Tanzania.
(PLoS One, 2008-08-27)
BACKGROUND: Monogamy, together with abstinence, partner reduction, and condom use, is widely advocated as a key behavioral strategy to prevent HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. We examined the association between the ...
Prescription pain reliever abuse and dependence among adolescents: a nationally representative study.
(Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2008-09)
We examined the prevalence, patterns, and correlates of adolescents' abuse, subthreshold dependence ("diagnostic orphans"), and dependence on prescription pain relievers (PPRs) such as opioids in a representative national ...
Hallucinogen use disorders among adult users of MDMA and other hallucinogens.
(The American journal on addictions, 2008-09)
We investigated the prevalence, patterns, and correlates of past-year DSM-IV hallucinogen use disorders (HUDs) among past-year users of MDMA and other hallucinogens from a sample of Americans 18 or older (n = 37,227). Users ...
Inhalant use among incarcerated adolescents in the United States: prevalence, characteristics, and correlates of use.
(Drug and alcohol dependence, 2008-03)
OBJECTIVE: To characterize patterns and correlates of inhalant use among incarcerated youth. METHOD: Residents (N=723) of 27 Missouri Division of Youth Services facilities completed interviews assessing substance use, psychiatric ...
Non-prescribed use of pain relievers among adolescents in the United States.
(Drug and alcohol dependence, 2008-04)
We examined gender-specific prevalences, patterns, and correlates of non-prescribed use of pain relievers - mainly opioids - in a representative sample of American adolescents (N=18,678).Data were drawn from the public use ...