Now showing items 1-9 of 9
Bacteremic disseminated tuberculosis in sub-saharan Africa: a prospective cohort study.
(Clin Infect Dis, 2012-07)
BACKGROUND: Disseminated tuberculosis is a major health problem in countries where generalized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection epidemics coincide with high tuberculosis incidence rates; data are limited on patient ...
Brucellosis among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania.
Predictors of latent tuberculosis treatment initiation and completion at a U.S. public health clinic: a prospective cohort study.
(BMC Public Health, 2012-06-21)
BACKGROUND: Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is a key component in U.S. tuberculosis control, assisted by recent improvements in LTBI diagnostics and therapeutic regimens. Effectiveness of LTBI therapy, ...
Effect of genetic testing for risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus on health behaviors and outcomes: study rationale, development and design.
(BMC Health Serv Res, 2012-01-18)
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a prevalent chronic condition globally that results in extensive morbidity, decreased quality of life, and increased health services utilization. Lifestyle changes can prevent the development ...
Caloric restriction alters the metabolic response to a mixed-meal: results from a randomized, controlled trial.
(PLoS One, 2012)
OBJECTIVES: To determine if caloric restriction (CR) would cause changes in plasma metabolic intermediates in response to a mixed meal, suggestive of changes in the capacity to adapt fuel oxidation to fuel availability or ...
Lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy after virologic failure of first-line antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate virologic response rates of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) monotherapy as second-line antiretroviral treatment (ART) among adults in resource-limited settings (RLSs). DESIGN: An open-label pilot study ...
Initial HIV-1 antigen-specific CD8+ T cells in acute HIV-1 infection inhibit transmitted/founder virus replication.
(J Virol, 2012-06)
CD8-mediated virus inhibition can be detected in HIV-1-positive subjects who naturally control virus replication. Characterizing the inhibitory function of CD8(+) T cells during acute HIV-1 infection (AHI) can elucidate ...
An integrated alcohol abuse and medical treatment model for patients with hepatitis C.
(Dig Dis Sci, 2012-04)
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have high rates of alcohol consumption, which is associated with progression of fibrosis and lower response rates to HCV treatment. AIMS: This prospective ...
Chikungunya and dengue fever among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania.
(Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2012-01)
Consecutive febrile admissions were enrolled at two hospitals in Moshi, Tanzania. Confirmed acute Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), Dengue virus (DENV), and flavivirus infection were defined as a positive polymerase chain reaction ...