Now showing items 1-10 of 394
Detection of depression in low resource settings: validation of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and cultural concepts of distress in Nepal.
(BMC Psychiatry, 2016-03-08)
BACKGROUND: Despite recognition of the burden of disease due to mood disorders in low- and middle-income countries, there is a lack of consensus on best practices for detecting depression. Self-report screening tools, such ...
The impact of structured support groups for pregnant South African women recently diagnosed HIV positive.
(Women Health, 2011-08-31)
The authors of this study evaluated a structured 10-session psychosocial support group intervention for newly HIV-diagnosed pregnant South African women. Participants were expected to display increases in HIV disclosure, ...
Survey of methadone-drug interactions among patients of methadone maintenance treatment program in Taiwan.
(Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy, 2012-03-20)
BACKGROUND: Although methadone has been used for the maintenance treatment of opioid dependence for decades, it was not introduced in China or Taiwan until 2000s. Methadone-drug interactions (MDIs) have been shown to cause ...
Studying human fertility and environmental exposures.
(Environ Health Perspect, 2004-08)
PENTAZOCINE VERSUS PENTAZOCINE WITH RECTAL DICLOFENAC FOR POSTOPERATIVE PAIN RELIEF AFTER CESAREAN SECTION- A DOUBLE BLIND RANDOMIZED PLACEBO CONTROLLED TRIAL IN A LOW RESOURCE AREA.
(Middle East J Anaesthesiol, 2016-02)
BACKGROUND: The unimodal approach of using pentazocine as post-cesarean section pain relief is inadequate, hence the need for a safer, easily available and more effective multimodal approach. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness ...
Age mediation of frontoparietal activation during visual feature search.
Activation of frontal and parietal brain regions is associated with attentional control during visual search. We used fMRI to characterize age-related differences in frontoparietal activation in a highly efficient feature ...
Differences in the early cognitive development of children and great apes.
(Dev Psychobiol, 2014-04)
There is very little research comparing great ape and human cognition developmentally. In the current studies we compared a cross-sectional sample of 2- to 4-year-old human children (n=48) with a large sample of chimpanzees ...
Direct and indirect reputation formation in nonhuman great apes (Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla, Pongo pygmaeus) and human children (Homo sapiens).
(J Comp Psychol, 2013-02)
Humans make decisions about when and with whom to cooperate based on their reputations. People either learn about others by direct interaction or by observing third-party interactions or gossip. An important question is ...
A comparison of temperament in nonhuman apes and human infants.
(Dev Sci, 2011-11)
The adaptive behavior of primates, including humans, is often mediated by temperament. Human behavior likely differs from that of other primates in part due to temperament. In the current study we compared the reaction of ...
Spatial distribution of bednet coverage under routine distribution through the public health sector in a rural district in Kenya.
(PLoS One, 2011)
Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are one of the most important and cost-effective tools for malaria control. Maximizing individual and community benefit from ITNs requires high population-based coverage. Several mechanisms ...