Now showing items 1-10 of 72
What shall I be, what must I be: Neural correlates of personal goal activation
(Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 2012-12-09)
How is the brain engaged when people are thinking about their hopes, dreams, and obligations? Regulatory focus theory postulates two classes of personal goals and motivational systems for pursuing them. Ideal goals, such ...
Institutional review boards' use and understanding of certificates of confidentiality.
(PloS one, 2012-01)
Certificates of Confidentiality, issued by agencies of the U.S. government, are regarded as an important tool for meeting ethical and legal obligations to safeguard research participants' privacy and confidentiality. By ...
Electronic health records: essential tools in integrating substance abuse treatment with primary care.
(Subst Abuse Rehabil, 2012)
While substance use problems are considered to be common in medical settings, they are not systematically assessed and diagnosed for treatment management. Research data suggest that the majority of individuals with a substance ...
Transitional probability-based model for HPV clearance in HIV-1-positive adolescent females.
(PLoS One, 2012)
BACKGROUND: HIV-1-positive patients clear the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection less frequently than HIV-1-negative. Datasets for estimating HPV clearance probability often have irregular measurements of HPV status and ...
What is the identity of a sports spectator?
(Personality and Individual Differences, 2012-02-01)
Despite the prominence of sports in contemporary society, little is known about the identity and personality traits of sports spectators. With a sample of 293 individuals, we examine four broad categories of factors that ...
The development and psychometric properties of the HIV and Abuse Related Shame Inventory (HARSI).
(AIDS Behav, 2012-05)
Shame has been shown to predict sexual HIV transmission risk behavior, medication non-adherence, symptomatic HIV or AIDS, and symptoms of depression and PTSD. However, there remains a dearth of tools to measure the specific ...
Alcohol and drug use disorders among adults in emergency department settings in the United States.
(Annals of emergency medicine, 2012-08)
Improving identification and treatment for substance use disorders is a national priority, but data about various drug use disorders encountered in emergency departments (EDs) are lacking. We examine past-year substance ...
An integrated alcohol abuse and medical treatment model for patients with hepatitis C.
(Dig Dis Sci, 2012-04)
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have high rates of alcohol consumption, which is associated with progression of fibrosis and lower response rates to HCV treatment. AIMS: This prospective ...
Caloric restriction alters the metabolic response to a mixed-meal: results from a randomized, controlled trial.
(PLoS One, 2012)
OBJECTIVES: To determine if caloric restriction (CR) would cause changes in plasma metabolic intermediates in response to a mixed meal, suggestive of changes in the capacity to adapt fuel oxidation to fuel availability or ...
Alcohol limits in older people.
(Addiction (Abingdon, England), 2012-09)