Now showing items 1-10 of 706
Quality control autophagy: a joint effort of ubiquitin, protein deacetylase and actin cytoskeleton.
Autophagy has been predominantly studied as a nonselective self-digestion process that recycles macromolecules and produces energy in response to starvation. However, autophagy independent of nutrient status has long been ...
VCP/p97 is essential for maturation of ubiquitin-containing autophagosomes and this function is impaired by mutations that cause IBMPFD.
VCP (VCP/p97) is a ubiquitously expressed member of the AAA(+)-ATPase family of chaperone-like proteins that regulates numerous cellular processes including chromatin decondensation, homotypic membrane fusion and ...
Critical role of TNF-α in cerebral aneurysm formation and progression to rupture.
(J Neuroinflammation, 2014-04-16)
BACKGROUND: Alterations in TNF-α expression have been associated with cerebral aneurysms, but a direct role in formation, progression, and rupture has not been established. METHODS: Cerebral aneurysms were induced through ...
Kinesins at a glance.
(J Cell Sci, 2010-10-15)
Menthol attenuates respiratory irritation and elevates blood cotinine in cigarette smoke exposed mice.
(PLoS One, 2015)
Addition of menthol to cigarettes may be associated with increased initiation of smoking. The potential mechanisms underlying this association are not known. Menthol, likely due to its effects on cold-sensing peripheral ...
Electron tomography of cryofixed, isometrically contracting insect flight muscle reveals novel actin-myosin interactions.
(PLoS One, 2010-09-09)
BACKGROUND: Isometric muscle contraction, where force is generated without muscle shortening, is a molecular traffic jam in which the number of actin-attached motors is maximized and all states of motor action are trapped ...
Role of mast cells in inflammatory bowel disease and inflammation-associated colorectal neoplasia in IL-10-deficient mice.
(PLoS One, 2010-08-17)
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is hypothesized to result from stimulation of immune responses against resident intestinal bacteria within a genetically susceptible host. Mast cells may play a critical role ...
Myosin VIIA, important for human auditory function, is necessary for Drosophila auditory organ development.
(PLoS One, 2008-05-07)
BACKGROUND: Myosin VIIA (MyoVIIA) is an unconventional myosin necessary for vertebrate audition -. Human auditory transduction occurs in sensory hair cells with a staircase-like arrangement of apical protrusions called ...
Direct TLR2 signaling is critical for NK cell activation and function in response to vaccinia viral infection.
(PLoS Pathog, 2010-03-12)
Natural killer (NK) cells play an essential role in innate immune control of poxviral infections in vivo. However, the mechanism(s) underlying NK cell activation and function in response to poxviruses remains poorly understood. ...
Fiber type-specific nitric oxide protects oxidative myofibers against cachectic stimuli.
(PLoS One, 2008-05-07)
Oxidative skeletal muscles are more resistant than glycolytic muscles to cachexia caused by chronic heart failure and other chronic diseases. The molecular mechanism for the protection associated with oxidative phenotype ...