Now showing items 1-10 of 38
The dynamics of proactive and reactive cognitive control processes in the human brain.
(J Cogn Neurosci, 2014-05)
In this study, we leveraged the high temporal resolution of EEG to examine the neural mechanisms underlying the flexible regulation of cognitive control that unfolds over different timescales. We measured behavioral and ...
The time course of segmentation and cue-selectivity in the human visual cortex.
(PLoS One, 2012)
Texture discontinuities are a fundamental cue by which the visual system segments objects from their background. The neural mechanisms supporting texture-based segmentation are therefore critical to visual perception and ...
Brain evolution by brain pathway duplication.
(Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2015-12-19)
Understanding the mechanisms of evolution of brain pathways for complex behaviours is still in its infancy. Making further advances requires a deeper understanding of brain homologies, novelties and analogies. It also requires ...
Fear learning circuitry is biased toward generalization of fear associations in posttraumatic stress disorder.
(Transl Psychiatry, 2015-12-15)
Fear conditioning is an established model for investigating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, symptom triggers may vaguely resemble the initial traumatic event, differing on a variety of sensory and affective ...
The exon junction complex component Magoh controls brain size by regulating neural stem cell division.
(Nat Neurosci, 2010-05)
Brain structure and size require precise division of neural stem cells (NSCs), which self-renew and generate intermediate neural progenitors (INPs) and neurons. The factors that regulate NSCs remain poorly understood, and ...
The PsychENCODE project.
(Nat Neurosci, 2015-12)
The neural dynamics of stimulus and response conflict processing as a function of response complexity and task demands.
Both stimulus and response conflict can disrupt behavior by slowing response times and decreasing accuracy. Although several neural activations have been associated with conflict processing, it is unclear how specific any ...
Rapid modulation of sensory processing induced by stimulus conflict.
(J Cogn Neurosci, 2011-09)
Humans are constantly confronted with environmental stimuli that conflict with task goals and can interfere with successful behavior. Prevailing theories propose the existence of cognitive control mechanisms that can suppress ...
The role of stimulus salience and attentional capture across the neural hierarchy in a stop-signal task.
(PLoS One, 2011)
Inhibitory motor control is a core function of cognitive control. Evidence from diverse experimental approaches has linked this function to a mostly right-lateralized network of cortical and subcortical areas, wherein a ...
Genetic mapping of brain plasticity across development in Williams syndrome: ERP markers of face and language processing.
(Dev Neuropsychol, 2013)
In Williams Syndrome (WS), a known genetic deletion results in atypical brain function with strengths in face and language processing. We examined how genetic influences on brain activity change with development. In three ...