Now showing items 21-30 of 438
Counterfactual Plausibility and Comparative Similarity.
(Cognitive science, 2017-05)
Counterfactual thinking involves imagining hypothetical alternatives to reality. Philosopher David Lewis (1973, 1979) argued that people estimate the subjective plausibility that a counterfactual event might have occurred ...
Strategic allocation of attention reduces temporally predictable stimulus conflict.
(J Cogn Neurosci, 2012-09)
Humans are able to continuously monitor environmental situations and adjust their behavioral strategies to optimize performance. Here we investigate the behavioral and brain adjustments that occur when conflicting stimulus ...
"I Use Weed for My ADHD": A Qualitative Analysis of Online Forum Discussions on Cannabis Use and ADHD.
(PLoS One, 2016)
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a risk factor for problematic cannabis use. However, clinical and anecdotal evidence suggest an increasingly popular perception that cannabis is therapeutic ...
PhenX RISING: real world implementation and sharing of PhenX measures.
(BMC Med Genomics, 2014-03-20)
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this manuscript is to describe the PhenX RISING network and the site experiences in the implementation of PhenX measures into ongoing population-based genomic studies. METHODS: Eighty PhenX measures ...
The dynamics of proactive and reactive cognitive control processes in the human brain.
(J Cogn Neurosci, 2014-05)
In this study, we leveraged the high temporal resolution of EEG to examine the neural mechanisms underlying the flexible regulation of cognitive control that unfolds over different timescales. We measured behavioral and ...
Component neural systems for the creation of emotional memories during free viewing of a complex, real-world event.
(Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2010)
Improved Visual Cognition through Stroboscopic Training.
(Front Psychol, 2011)
Humans have a remarkable capacity to learn and adapt, but surprisingly little research has demonstrated generalized learning in which new skills and strategies can be used flexibly across a range of tasks and contexts. In ...
Visual memory loss and autobiographical amnesia: a case study.
Amnesia typically results from trauma to the medial temporal regions that coordinate activation among the disparate areas of cortex that represent the information that make up autobiographical memories. We proposed that ...
One hundred years of forgetting: A quantitative description of retention
(Psychological Review, 1996-12-01)
A sample of 210 published data sets were assembled that (a) plotted amount remembered versus time, (b) had 5 or more points, and (c) were smooth enough to fit at least 1 of the functions tested with a correlation coefficient ...
The Rational Adolescent: Strategic Information Processing during Decision Making Revealed by Eye Tracking.
(Cogn Dev, 2015-10)
Adolescence is often viewed as a time of irrational, risky decision-making - despite adolescents' competence in other cognitive domains. In this study, we examined the strategies used by adolescents (N=30) and young adults ...