Now showing items 31-40 of 594
Counterfactual Plausibility and Comparative Similarity.
(Cognitive science, 2017-05)
Counterfactual thinking involves imagining hypothetical alternatives to reality. Philosopher David Lewis (1973, 1979) argued that people estimate the subjective plausibility that a counterfactual event might have occurred ...
Strategic allocation of attention reduces temporally predictable stimulus conflict.
(J Cogn Neurosci, 2012-09)
Humans are able to continuously monitor environmental situations and adjust their behavioral strategies to optimize performance. Here we investigate the behavioral and brain adjustments that occur when conflicting stimulus ...
"I Use Weed for My ADHD": A Qualitative Analysis of Online Forum Discussions on Cannabis Use and ADHD.
(PLoS One, 2016)
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a risk factor for problematic cannabis use. However, clinical and anecdotal evidence suggest an increasingly popular perception that cannabis is therapeutic ...
PhenX RISING: real world implementation and sharing of PhenX measures.
(BMC Med Genomics, 2014-03-20)
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this manuscript is to describe the PhenX RISING network and the site experiences in the implementation of PhenX measures into ongoing population-based genomic studies. METHODS: Eighty PhenX measures ...
The dynamics of proactive and reactive cognitive control processes in the human brain.
(J Cogn Neurosci, 2014-05)
In this study, we leveraged the high temporal resolution of EEG to examine the neural mechanisms underlying the flexible regulation of cognitive control that unfolds over different timescales. We measured behavioral and ...
A Foxp2 Mutation Implicated in Human Speech Deficits Alters Sequencing of Ultrasonic Vocalizations in Adult Male Mice.
(Front Behav Neurosci, 2016)
Development of proficient spoken language skills is disrupted by mutations of the FOXP2 transcription factor. A heterozygous missense mutation in the KE family causes speech apraxia, involving difficulty producing words ...
Data augmentation for models based on rejection sampling.
We present a data augmentation scheme to perform Markov chain Monte Carlo inference for models where data generation involves a rejection sampling algorithm. Our idea is a simple scheme to instantiate the rejected proposals ...
Component neural systems for the creation of emotional memories during free viewing of a complex, real-world event.
(Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2010)
Improved Visual Cognition through Stroboscopic Training.
(Front Psychol, 2011)
Humans have a remarkable capacity to learn and adapt, but surprisingly little research has demonstrated generalized learning in which new skills and strategies can be used flexibly across a range of tasks and contexts. In ...
Bayesian crack detection in ultra high resolution multimodal images of paintings
(2013 18th International Conference on Digital Signal Processing, DSP 2013, 2013-12-06)
The preservation of our cultural heritage is of paramount importance. Thanks to recent developments in digital acquisition techniques, powerful image analysis algorithms are developed which can be useful non-invasive tools ...