Now showing items 31-40 of 84
Trauma re-experiencing symptoms modulate topology of intrinsic functional networks.
(Biol Psychiatry, 2015-08-01)
Differential expression of glutamate receptors in avian neural pathways for learned vocalization.
(J Comp Neurol, 2004-08-09)
Learned vocalization, the substrate for human language, is a rare trait. It is found in three distantly related groups of birds-parrots, hummingbirds, and songbirds. These three groups contain cerebral vocal nuclei for learned ...
NSF workshop report: discovering general principles of nervous system organization by comparing brain maps across species.
(J Comp Neurol, 2014-05-01)
Efforts to understand nervous system structure and function have received new impetus from the federal Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative. Comparative analyses can contribute ...
Subjective duration as a signature of coding efficiency: Emerging links among stimulus repetition, predictive coding, and cortical GABA levels
(Timing & Time Perception Reviews, 2014-12-01)
Immediate repetition of a stimulus reduces its apparent duration relative to a novel item. Recent work indicates that this may reflect suppressed cortical responses to repeated stimuli, arising from neural adaptation and/or ...
Cortical Brain Activity Reflecting Attentional Biasing Toward Reward-Predicting Cues Covaries with Economic Decision-Making Performance.
(Cereb Cortex, 2016-01)
Adaptive choice behavior depends critically on identifying and learning from outcome-predicting cues. We hypothesized that attention may be preferentially directed toward certain outcome-predicting cues. We studied this ...
The influence of different Stop-signal response time estimation procedures on behavior-behavior and brain-behavior correlations.
(Behav Brain Res, 2012-04-01)
The fundamental cognitive-control function of inhibitory control over motor behavior has been extensively investigated using the Stop-signal task. The critical behavioral parameter describing stopping efficacy is the Stop-signal ...
Effects of chronic mild traumatic brain injury on white matter integrity in Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans.
(Hum Brain Mapp, 2013-11)
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common source of morbidity from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. With no overt lesions on structural MRI, diagnosis of chronic mild TBI in military veterans relies on obtaining an ...
Dopamine receptors in a songbird brain.
(J Comp Neurol, 2010-03-15)
Dopamine is a key neuromodulatory transmitter in the brain. It acts through dopamine receptors to affect changes in neural activity, gene expression, and behavior. In songbirds, dopamine is released into the striatal song ...
FoxP2 expression in avian vocal learners and non-learners.
(J Neurosci, 2004-03-31)
Most vertebrates communicate acoustically, but few, among them humans, dolphins and whales, bats, and three orders of birds, learn this trait. FOXP2 is the first gene linked to human speech and has been the target of positive ...
Cumulative stress in childhood is associated with blunted reward-related brain activity in adulthood.
(Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci, 2016-03)
Early life stress (ELS) is strongly associated with negative outcomes in adulthood, including reduced motivation and increased negative mood. The mechanisms mediating these relations, however, are poorly understood. We examined ...