Now showing items 391-400 of 601
Neural mechanisms of negative reinforcement in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders.
(J Neurodev Disord, 2015)
BACKGROUND: Previous research has found accumulating evidence for atypical reward processing in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), particularly in the context of social rewards. Yet, this line of research has focused largely ...
In vivo Modeling Implicates APOL1 in Nephropathy: Evidence for Dominant Negative Effects and Epistasis under Anemic Stress.
(PLoS Genet, 2015-07)
African Americans have a disproportionate risk for developing nephropathy. This disparity has been attributed to coding variants (G1 and G2) in apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1); however, there is little functional evidence supporting ...
Trauma re-experiencing symptoms modulate topology of intrinsic functional networks.
(Biol Psychiatry, 2015-08-01)
Amygdala, Hippocampus, and Ventral Medial Prefrontal Cortex Volumes Differ in Maltreated Youth with and without Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is considered a disorder of recovery where individuals fail to learn and retain extinction of the traumatic fear response. In maltreated youth, PTSD is common, chronic, and associated ...
Smoking cessation interventions for adults aged 50 or older: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
(Drug and alcohol dependence, 2015-09)
The older population size has increased substantially, and a considerable proportion of older adults are cigarette smokers. Quitting smoking is associated with reduced health risk. This review is among the first to quantitatively ...
Self-system therapy for distress associated with persistent low back pain: A randomized clinical trial.
(Psychother Res, 2016-07)
OBJECTIVE: Persistent low back pain (PLBP) is associated with vulnerability to depression. PLBP frequently requires major changes in occupation and lifestyle, which can lead to a sense of failing to attain one's personal ...
Psychotic experiences and risk of death in the general population: 24-27 year follow-up of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study.
(The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science, 2015-07)
Psychotic experiences are common in the general population and are associated with adverse psychiatric and social outcomes, even in the absence of a psychotic disorder.To examine the association between psychotic experiences ...
Microinterventions targeting regulatory focus and regulatory fit selectively reduce dysphoric and anxious mood.
(Behav Res Ther, 2015-09)
Depression and generalized anxiety, separately and as comorbid states, continue to represent a significant public health challenge. Current cognitive-behavioral treatments are clearly beneficial but there remains a need ...
Platelet aggregation and mental stress induced myocardial ischemia: Results from the Responses of Myocardial Ischemia to Escitalopram Treatment (REMIT) study.
(Am Heart J, 2015-04)
BACKGROUND: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is common in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and associated with a poorer cardiovascular prognosis. Platelet hyperactivity is an important factor in ...
Improvement in visual search with practice: mapping learning-related changes in neurocognitive stages of processing.
(J Neurosci, 2015-04-01)
Practice can improve performance on visual search tasks; the neural mechanisms underlying such improvements, however, are not clear. Response time typically shortens with practice, but which components of the stimulus-response ...