Now showing items 1-10 of 85
Differential developmental trajectories of magnetic susceptibility in human brain gray and white matter over the lifespan.
(Hum Brain Mapp, 2014-06)
As indicated by several recent studies, magnetic susceptibility of the brain is influenced mainly by myelin in the white matter and by iron deposits in the deep nuclei. Myelination and iron deposition in the brain evolve ...
Activation in mesolimbic and visuospatial neural circuits elicited by smoking cues: evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging.
(Am J Psychiatry, 2002-06)
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to increase understanding of the brain mechanisms involved in cigarette addiction by identifying neural substrates modulated by visual smoking cues in nicotine-deprived smokers. METHOD: Event-related ...
The PsychENCODE project.
(Nat Neurosci, 2015-12)
Fear learning circuitry is biased toward generalization of fear associations in posttraumatic stress disorder.
(Transl Psychiatry, 2015-12-15)
Fear conditioning is an established model for investigating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, symptom triggers may vaguely resemble the initial traumatic event, differing on a variety of sensory and affective ...
Xenon and sevoflurane provide analgesia during labor and fetal brain protection in a perinatal rat model of hypoxia-ischemia.
(PloS one, 2012-01)
It is not possible to identify all pregnancies at risk of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Many women use some form of analgesia during childbirth and some anesthetic agents have been shown to be neuroprotective ...
Building an organic computing device with multiple interconnected brains.
(Scientific reports, 2015-07-09)
Recently, we proposed that Brainets, i.e. networks formed by multiple animal brains, cooperating and exchanging information in real time through direct brain-to-brain interfaces, could provide the core of a new type of computing ...
Brain evolution by brain pathway duplication.
(Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2015-12-19)
Understanding the mechanisms of evolution of brain pathways for complex behaviours is still in its infancy. Making further advances requires a deeper understanding of brain homologies, novelties and analogies. It also requires ...
FoxP2 expression in avian vocal learners and non-learners.
(J Neurosci, 2004-03-31)
Most vertebrates communicate acoustically, but few, among them humans, dolphins and whales, bats, and three orders of birds, learn this trait. FOXP2 is the first gene linked to human speech and has been the target of positive ...
The G-protein-coupled receptor kinases beta ARK1 and beta ARK2 are widely distributed at synapses in rat brain.
(J Neurosci, 1992-10)
The beta-adrenergic receptor kinase (beta ARK) phosphorylates the agonist-occupied beta-adrenergic receptor to promote rapid receptor uncoupling from Gs, thereby attenuating adenylyl cyclase activity. Beta ARK-mediated receptor ...
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in psychotherapy research: a brief introduction to concepts, methods, and task selection.
(Psychother Res, 2009-07)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become an increasingly important methodology in the study of psychotherapy outcome and process. In this article, the authors offer a brief introduction to the use of fMRI ...