Now showing items 1-10 of 32
The pallial basal ganglia pathway modulates the behaviorally driven gene expression of the motor pathway.
(Eur J Neurosci, 2007-04)
The discrete neural network for songbird vocal communication provides an effective system to study neural mechanisms of learned motor behaviors in vertebrates. This system consists of two pathways--a vocal motor pathway ...
Cross-cultural variability of component processes in autobiographical remembering: Japan, Turkey, and the USA.
Although the underlying mechanics of autobiographical memory may be identical across cultures, the processing of information differs. Undergraduates from Japan, Turkey, and the USA rated 30 autobiographical memories on 15 ...
Microcircuits for attention.
Researchers who study the neuronal basis of cognition face a paradox. If they extract the brain, its cognitive functions cannot be assessed. On the other hand, the brain's microcircuits are difficult to study in the intact ...
The feeling of looking.
(Nat Neurosci, 2007-05)
Misuse of methamphetamine and prescription stimulants among youths and young adults in the community.
(Drug and alcohol dependence, 2007-07)
Gender differences in the prevalence and characteristics of misuse of methamphetamine (meth) and prescription stimulants were examined in a representative US sample of youths and young adults aged 16-25 (N=24,409).Stimulant ...
Is inhalant use a risk factor for heroin and injection drug use among adolescents in the United States?
(Addictive behaviors, 2007-02)
We examined whether inhalant use was associated with heroin and injection drug use (IDU) among adolescents aged 12 to 17 in the United States.Data were drawn from the 2002/2003 administrations of the National Survey on Drug ...
Psychiatric disorders in inhalant users: results from The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.
(Drug and alcohol dependence, 2007-05)
To examine the prevalence and correlates of mood, anxiety, and personality disorders among lifetime inhalant users.Statistical analyses were based on data from the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related ...
Alcohol use disorders and the use of treatment services among college-age young adults.
(Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.), 2007-02)
OBJECTIVES:This study examined the utilization of and the perceived need for alcohol treatment services among college-age young adults (18-22 years) according to their educational status: full-time college students, part-time ...
Effectiveness of low-dose naltrexone in the post-detoxification treatment of opioid dependence.
(Journal of clinical psychopharmacology, 2007-10)
BACKGROUND: The clinical use of naltrexone (NTX) in the treatment of opioid dependence has been limited because of poor compliance and inconsistent outcomes. In particular, the therapeutic benefit of extended treatment with ...
The evolutionary origins of human patience: temporal preferences in chimpanzees, bonobos, and human adults.
(Curr Biol, 2007-10-09)
To make adaptive choices, individuals must sometimes exhibit patience, forgoing immediate benefits to acquire more valuable future rewards [1-3]. Although humans account for future consequences when making temporal decisions ...