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R&d Costs, Innovative Output and Firm Size in the Pharmaceutical Industry
(International Journal of the Economics of Business, 1995-01-01)
This study examines the relationships between firm size, R&D costs and output in the pharmaceutical industry. Project-level data from a survey of 12 US-owned pharmaceutical firms on drug development costs, development phase ...
Cost of innovation in the pharmaceutical industry.
(J Health Econ, 1991-07)
The research and development costs of 93 randomly selected new chemical entities (NCEs) were obtained from a survey of 12 U.S.-owned pharmaceutical firms. These data were used to estimate the pre-tax average cost of new ...