Now showing items 1-10 of 32
Xenon and sevoflurane provide analgesia during labor and fetal brain protection in a perinatal rat model of hypoxia-ischemia.
(PloS one, 2012-01)
It is not possible to identify all pregnancies at risk of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Many women use some form of analgesia during childbirth and some anesthetic agents have been shown to be neuroprotective ...
The dynamics of proactive and reactive cognitive control processes in the human brain.
(J Cogn Neurosci, 2014-05)
In this study, we leveraged the high temporal resolution of EEG to examine the neural mechanisms underlying the flexible regulation of cognitive control that unfolds over different timescales. We measured behavioral and ...
The time course of segmentation and cue-selectivity in the human visual cortex.
(PLoS One, 2012)
Texture discontinuities are a fundamental cue by which the visual system segments objects from their background. The neural mechanisms supporting texture-based segmentation are therefore critical to visual perception and ...
Fear learning circuitry is biased toward generalization of fear associations in posttraumatic stress disorder.
(Transl Psychiatry, 2015-12-15)
Fear conditioning is an established model for investigating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, symptom triggers may vaguely resemble the initial traumatic event, differing on a variety of sensory and affective ...
The PsychENCODE project.
(Nat Neurosci, 2015-12)
The neural dynamics of stimulus and response conflict processing as a function of response complexity and task demands.
Both stimulus and response conflict can disrupt behavior by slowing response times and decreasing accuracy. Although several neural activations have been associated with conflict processing, it is unclear how specific any ...
Rapid modulation of sensory processing induced by stimulus conflict.
(J Cogn Neurosci, 2011-09)
Humans are constantly confronted with environmental stimuli that conflict with task goals and can interfere with successful behavior. Prevailing theories propose the existence of cognitive control mechanisms that can suppress ...
The role of stimulus salience and attentional capture across the neural hierarchy in a stop-signal task.
(PLoS One, 2011)
Inhibitory motor control is a core function of cognitive control. Evidence from diverse experimental approaches has linked this function to a mostly right-lateralized network of cortical and subcortical areas, wherein a ...
Genetic mapping of brain plasticity across development in Williams syndrome: ERP markers of face and language processing.
(Dev Neuropsychol, 2013)
In Williams Syndrome (WS), a known genetic deletion results in atypical brain function with strengths in face and language processing. We examined how genetic influences on brain activity change with development. In three ...
Differential developmental trajectories of magnetic susceptibility in human brain gray and white matter over the lifespan.
(Hum Brain Mapp, 2014-06)
As indicated by several recent studies, magnetic susceptibility of the brain is influenced mainly by myelin in the white matter and by iron deposits in the deep nuclei. Myelination and iron deposition in the brain evolve ...