Now showing items 1-10 of 23
The dynamics of proactive and reactive cognitive control processes in the human brain.
(J Cogn Neurosci, 2014-05)
In this study, we leveraged the high temporal resolution of EEG to examine the neural mechanisms underlying the flexible regulation of cognitive control that unfolds over different timescales. We measured behavioral and ...
Fear learning circuitry is biased toward generalization of fear associations in posttraumatic stress disorder.
(Transl Psychiatry, 2015-12-15)
Fear conditioning is an established model for investigating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, symptom triggers may vaguely resemble the initial traumatic event, differing on a variety of sensory and affective ...
The PsychENCODE project.
(Nat Neurosci, 2015-12)
Rapid modulation of sensory processing induced by stimulus conflict.
(J Cogn Neurosci, 2011-09)
Humans are constantly confronted with environmental stimuli that conflict with task goals and can interfere with successful behavior. Prevailing theories propose the existence of cognitive control mechanisms that can suppress ...
The role of stimulus salience and attentional capture across the neural hierarchy in a stop-signal task.
(PLoS One, 2011)
Inhibitory motor control is a core function of cognitive control. Evidence from diverse experimental approaches has linked this function to a mostly right-lateralized network of cortical and subcortical areas, wherein a ...
Differential developmental trajectories of magnetic susceptibility in human brain gray and white matter over the lifespan.
(Hum Brain Mapp, 2014-06)
As indicated by several recent studies, magnetic susceptibility of the brain is influenced mainly by myelin in the white matter and by iron deposits in the deep nuclei. Myelination and iron deposition in the brain evolve ...
Convergent transcriptional specializations in the brains of humans and song-learning birds.
Song-learning birds and humans share independently evolved similarities in brain pathways for vocal learning that are essential for song and speech and are not found in most other species. Comparisons of brain transcriptomes ...
Scan-rescan reliability of subcortical brain volumes derived from automated segmentation.
(Hum Brain Mapp, 2010-11)
Large-scale longitudinal studies of regional brain volume require reliable quantification using automated segmentation and labeling. However, repeated MR scanning of the same subject, even if using the same scanner ...
Improvement in visual search with practice: mapping learning-related changes in neurocognitive stages of processing.
(J Neurosci, 2015-04-01)
Practice can improve performance on visual search tasks; the neural mechanisms underlying such improvements, however, are not clear. Response time typically shortens with practice, but which components of the stimulus-response ...
Cortical Brain Activity Reflecting Attentional Biasing Toward Reward-Predicting Cues Covaries with Economic Decision-Making Performance.
(Cereb Cortex, 2016-01)
Adaptive choice behavior depends critically on identifying and learning from outcome-predicting cues. We hypothesized that attention may be preferentially directed toward certain outcome-predicting cues. We studied this ...