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Body image and body satisfaction differ by race in overweight postpartum mothers.

dc.contributor.author Amamoo, MA
dc.contributor.author Bastian, LA
dc.contributor.author Carter-Edwards, L
dc.contributor.author Durham, H
dc.contributor.author Lokhnygina, Y
dc.contributor.author Østbye, Truls
dc.contributor.author Revels, J
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2011-04-15T16:46:32Z
dc.date.issued 2010-02
dc.identifier https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20113143
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/3243
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Body image (BI) and body satisfaction may be important in understanding weight loss behaviors, particularly during the postpartum period. We assessed these constructs among African American and white overweight postpartum women. METHODS: The sample included 162 women (73 African American and 89 white) in the intervention arm 6 months into the Active Mothers Postpartum (AMP) Study, a nutritional and physical activity weight loss intervention. BIs, self-reported using the Stunkard figure rating scale, were compared assessing mean values by race. Body satisfaction was measured using body discrepancy (BD), calculated as perceived current image minus ideal image (BD<0: desire to be heavier; BD>0: desire to be lighter). BD was assessed by race for: BD(Ideal) (current image minus the ideal image) and BD(Ideal Mother) (current image minus ideal mother image). RESULTS: Compared with white women, African American women were younger and were less likely to report being married, having any college education, or residing in households with annual incomes >$30,000 (all p < 0.01). They also had a higher mean body mass index (BMI) (p = 0.04), although perceived current BI did not differ by race (p = 0.21). African Americans had higher mean ideal (p = 0.07) and ideal mother (p = 0.001) BIs compared with whites. African Americans' mean BDs (adjusting for age, BMI, education, income, marital status, and interaction terms) were significantly lower than those of whites, indicating greater body satisfaction among African Americans (BD(Ideal): 1.7 vs. 2.3, p = 0.005; BD(Ideal Mother): 1.1 vs. 1.8, p = 0.0002). CONCLUSIONS: Racial differences exist in postpartum weight, ideal images, and body satisfaction. Healthcare providers should consider tailored messaging that accounts for these racially different perceptions and factors when designing weight loss programs for overweight mothers.
dc.language eng
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.relation.ispartof J Womens Health (Larchmt)
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1089/jwh.2008.1238
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject African Americans
dc.subject Body Image
dc.subject Educational Status
dc.subject European Continental Ancestry Group
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Income
dc.subject Mothers
dc.subject North Carolina
dc.subject Overweight
dc.subject Personal Satisfaction
dc.subject Postpartum Period
dc.title Body image and body satisfaction differ by race in overweight postpartum mothers.
dc.type Journal article
dc.description.version Version of Record
duke.date.pubdate 2010-2-0
duke.description.issue 2
duke.description.volume 19
dc.relation.journal Journal of Womens Health
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20113143
pubs.begin-page 305
pubs.end-page 311
pubs.issue 2
pubs.organisational-group Basic Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Biostatistics & Bioinformatics
pubs.organisational-group Clinical Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Community and Family Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Cancer Institute
pubs.organisational-group Duke Clinical Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Centers
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Staff
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 19
dc.identifier.eissn 1931-843X


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