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Cost of wind energy: comparing distant wind resources to local resources in the midwestern United States.

dc.contributor.author Hoppock, David C
dc.contributor.author Patiño-Echeverri, Dalia
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-21T17:25:54Z
dc.date.issued 2010-11-15
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20931984
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/4026
dc.description.abstract The best wind sites in the United States are often located far from electricity demand centers and lack transmission access. Local sites that have lower quality wind resources but do not require as much power transmission capacity are an alternative to distant wind resources. In this paper, we explore the trade-offs between developing new wind generation at local sites and installing wind farms at remote sites. We first examine the general relationship between the high capital costs required for local wind development and the relatively lower capital costs required to install a wind farm capable of generating the same electrical output at a remote site,with the results representing the maximum amount an investor should be willing to pay for transmission access. We suggest that this analysis can be used as a first step in comparing potential wind resources to meet a state renewable portfolio standard (RPS). To illustrate, we compare the cost of local wind (∼50 km from the load) to the cost of distant wind requiring new transmission (∼550-750 km from the load) to meet the Illinois RPS. We find that local, lower capacity factor wind sites are the lowest cost option for meeting the Illinois RPS if new long distance transmission is required to access distant, higher capacity factor wind resources. If higher capacity wind sites can be connected to the existing grid at minimal cost, in many cases they will have lower costs.
dc.language eng
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher American Chemical Society (ACS)
dc.relation.ispartof Environ Sci Technol
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1021/es100751p
dc.subject Conservation of Energy Resources
dc.subject Cost Allocation
dc.subject Cost-Benefit Analysis
dc.subject Electricity
dc.subject Energy-Generating Resources
dc.subject Midwestern United States
dc.subject Power Plants
dc.subject Wind
dc.title Cost of wind energy: comparing distant wind resources to local resources in the midwestern United States.
dc.title.alternative
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Hoppock, David C|0484416
dc.description.version Version of Record
duke.date.pubdate 2010-11-15
duke.description.issue 22
duke.description.volume 44
dc.relation.journal Environmental science & technology
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20931984
pubs.begin-page 8758
pubs.end-page 8765
pubs.issue 22
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Science & Society
pubs.organisational-group Earth and Ocean Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Environmental Sciences and Policy
pubs.organisational-group Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Nicholas School of the Environment
pubs.organisational-group Staff
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 44
dc.identifier.eissn 1520-5851


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