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Major and minor music compared to excited and subdued speech.

dc.contributor.author Bowling, DL
dc.contributor.author Gill, K
dc.contributor.author Choi, JD
dc.contributor.author Prinz, J
dc.contributor.author Purves, D
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-21T17:27:42Z
dc.date.issued 2010-01
dc.identifier https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20058994
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4233
dc.description.abstract The affective impact of music arises from a variety of factors, including intensity, tempo, rhythm, and tonal relationships. The emotional coloring evoked by intensity, tempo, and rhythm appears to arise from association with the characteristics of human behavior in the corresponding condition; however, how and why particular tonal relationships in music convey distinct emotional effects are not clear. The hypothesis examined here is that major and minor tone collections elicit different affective reactions because their spectra are similar to the spectra of voiced speech uttered in different emotional states. To evaluate this possibility the spectra of the intervals that distinguish major and minor music were compared to the spectra of voiced segments in excited and subdued speech using fundamental frequency and frequency ratios as measures. Consistent with the hypothesis, the spectra of major intervals are more similar to spectra found in excited speech, whereas the spectra of particular minor intervals are more similar to the spectra of subdued speech. These results suggest that the characteristic affective impact of major and minor tone collections arises from associations routinely made between particular musical intervals and voiced speech.
dc.language eng
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.relation.ispartof J Acoust Soc Am
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1121/1.3268504
dc.subject Acoustic Stimulation
dc.subject Acoustics
dc.subject Adolescent
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject Aged
dc.subject Databases as Topic
dc.subject Emotions
dc.subject Female
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Male
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.subject Music
dc.subject Psychoacoustics
dc.subject Sound Spectrography
dc.subject Speech
dc.subject Speech Acoustics
dc.subject Young Adult
dc.title Major and minor music compared to excited and subdued speech.
dc.title.alternative
dc.type Journal article
dc.description.version Version of Record
duke.date.pubdate 2010-1-0
duke.description.issue 1
duke.description.volume 127
dc.relation.journal Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20058994
pubs.begin-page 491
pubs.end-page 503
pubs.issue 1
pubs.organisational-group Basic Science Departments
pubs.organisational-group Center for Cognitive Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
pubs.organisational-group Institutes and Provost's Academic Units
pubs.organisational-group Neurobiology
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group School of Medicine
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.organisational-group University Institutes and Centers
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 127
dc.identifier.eissn 1520-8524


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