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Why do nominal characteristics acquire status value? A minimal explanation for status construction.

dc.contributor.author Mark, Noah P
dc.contributor.author Smith-Lovin, Lynn
dc.contributor.author Ridgeway, Cecilia L
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-21T17:29:38Z
dc.date.issued 2009-11
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20503743
dc.identifier.issn 0002-9602
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/4360
dc.description.abstract Why do beliefs that attach different amounts of status to different categories of people become consensually held by the members of a society? We show that two microlevel mechanisms, in combination, imply a system-level tendency toward consensual status beliefs about a nominal characteristic. (1) Status belief diffusion: a person who has no status belief about a characteristic can acquire a status belief about that characteristic from interacting with one or more people who have that status belief. (2) Status belief loss: a person who has a status belief about a characteristic can lose that belief from interacting with one or more people who have the opposite status belief. These mechanisms imply that opposite status beliefs will tend to be lost at equal rates and will tend to be acquired at rates proportional to their prevalence. Therefore, if a status belief ever becomes more prevalent than its opposite, it will increase in prevalence until every person holds it.
dc.language eng
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of Chicago Press
dc.relation.ispartof AJS
dc.subject Culture
dc.subject Hierarchy, Social
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Models, Theoretical
dc.subject Social Identification
dc.subject Social Perception
dc.subject Social Values
dc.subject Socioeconomic Factors
dc.title Why do nominal characteristics acquire status value? A minimal explanation for status construction.
dc.title.alternative
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Smith-Lovin, Lynn|0298552
dc.description.version Version of Record
duke.date.pubdate 2009-11-0
duke.description.issue 3
duke.description.volume 115
dc.relation.journal American Journal of Sociology
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20503743
pubs.begin-page 832
pubs.end-page 862
pubs.issue 3
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Psychology and Neuroscience
pubs.organisational-group Sociology
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 115


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