Consistency of financial interest disclosures in the biomedical literature: the case of coronary stents.
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BACKGROUND: Disclosure of authors' financial interests has been proposed as a strategy for protecting the integrity of the biomedical literature. We examined whether authors' financial interests were disclosed consistently in articles on coronary stents published in 2006. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We searched PubMed for English-language articles published in 2006 that provided evidence or guidance regarding the use of coronary artery stents. We recorded article characteristics, including information about authors' financial disclosures. The main outcome measures were the prevalence, nature, and consistency of financial disclosures. There were 746 articles, 2985 authors, and 135 journals in the database. Eighty-three percent of the articles did not contain disclosure statements for any author (including declarations of no interests). Only 6% of authors had an article with a disclosure statement. In comparisons between articles by the same author, the types of disagreement were as follows: no disclosure statements vs declarations of no interests (64%); specific disclosures vs no disclosure statements (34%); and specific disclosures vs declarations of no interests (2%). Among the 75 authors who disclosed at least 1 relationship with an organization, there were 2 cases (3%) in which the organization was disclosed in every article the author wrote. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: In the rare instances when financial interests were disclosed, they were not disclosed consistently, suggesting that there are problems with transparency in an area of the literature that has important implications for patient care. Our findings suggest that the inconsistencies we observed are due to both the policies of journals and the behavior of some authors.
SubjectConflict of Interest
Peer Review, Research
Research Support as Topic
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1371/journal.pone.0002128
Publication InfoCaliff, Robert M; Lin, L; Schulman, Kevin Alan; Seils, DM; Tzeng, JP; & Weinfurt, Kevin Phillip (2008). Consistency of financial interest disclosures in the biomedical literature: the case of coronary stents. PLoS One, 3(5). pp. e2128. 10.1371/journal.pone.0002128. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4492.
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Donald F. Fortin, M.D. Professor of Cardiology, in the School of Medicine
Robert Califf, MD MACC, is the Donald F. Fortin, MD, Professor of Cardiology. He is also Professor of Medicine in the Division of Cardiology and remains a practicing cardiologist. Dr. Califf was the Commissioner of Food and Drugs in 2016-2017 and Deputy Commissioner for Medical Products and Tobacco from February 2015 until his appointment as Commissioner in February 2016. Prior to joining the FDA, Dr. Califf was a professor of medicine and vice chancellor for clinical and translational
Adjunct Professor in the Department of Medicine
Kevin A. Schulman, MD, MBA, is a professor of medicine and the Gregory Mario and Jeremy Mario Professor of Business Administration (2010 - 2016) at Duke University. He is a visiting professor of business administration at Harvard Business School. He holds several leadership appointments at Duke. He is an associate director of the Duke Clinical Research Institute in the School of Medicine, the country's largest academic clinical research organization. In Duke's Fuqua School of Business, he s
This author no longer has a Scholars@Duke profile, so the information shown here reflects their Duke status at the time this item was deposited.
Professor in Population Health Sciences
Kevin P. Weinfurt, PhD, is a professor in psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Duke University School of Medicine. He holds a secondary appointment as a professor of psychology and neuroscience. He is co-director of the Clinical Research Training Program (Masters degree offered through the School of Medicine). Dr. Weinfurt conducts research on measuring patient-reported outcomes, medical decision making, and bioethics. In addition to conducting research, Dr. Weinfurt has t
Alphabetical list of authors with Scholars@Duke profiles.