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dc.contributor.author Jenkins, Clinton N
dc.contributor.author Pitman, Nigel
dc.date.accessioned 2011-06-21T17:31:27Z
dc.date.available 2011-06-21T17:31:27Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.citation Bass,Margot S.;Finer,Matt;Jenkins,Clinton N.;Kreft,Holger;Cisneros-Heredia,Diego F.;McCracken,Shawn F.;Pitman,Nigel C. A.;English,Peter H.;Swing,Kelly;Villa,Gorky;Di Fiore,Anthony;Voigt,Christian C.;Kunz,Thomas H.. 2010. Global Conservation Significance of Ecuador's Yasuni National Park. Plos One 5(1): e8767-e8767.
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10161/4521
dc.description.abstract Background: The threats facing Ecuador's Yasuni National Park are emblematic of those confronting the greater western Amazon, one of the world's last high-biodiversity wilderness areas. Notably, the country's second largest untapped oil reserves-called "ITT''-lie beneath an intact, remote section of the park. The conservation significance of Yasuni may weigh heavily in upcoming state-level and international decisions, including whether to develop the oil or invest in alternatives. Methodology/Principal Findings: We conducted the first comprehensive synthesis of biodiversity data for Yasuni. Mapping amphibian, bird, mammal, and plant distributions, we found eastern Ecuador and northern Peru to be the only regions in South America where species richness centers for all four taxonomic groups overlap. This quadruple richness center has only one viable strict protected area (IUCN levels I-IV): Yasuni. The park covers just 14% of the quadruple richness center's area, whereas active or proposed oil concessions cover 79%. Using field inventory data, we compared Yasuni's local (alpha) and landscape (gamma) diversity to other sites, in the western Amazon and globally. These analyses further suggest that Yasuni is among the most biodiverse places on Earth, with apparent world richness records for amphibians, reptiles, bats, and trees. Yasuni also protects a considerable number of threatened species and regional endemics. Conclusions/Significance: Yasuni has outstanding global conservation significance due to its extraordinary biodiversity and potential to sustain this biodiversity in the long term because of its 1) large size and wilderness character, 2) intact large-vertebrate assemblage, 3) IUCN level-II protection status in a region lacking other strict protected areas, and 4) likelihood of maintaining wet, rainforest conditions while anticipated climate change-induced drought intensifies in the eastern Amazon. However, further oil development in Yasuni jeopardizes its conservation values. These findings form the scientific basis for policy recommendations, including stopping any new oil activities and road construction in Yasuni and creating areas off-limits to large-scale development in adjacent northern Peru.
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1371/journal.pone.0008767
dc.subject forest bird community
dc.subject vascular plant diversity
dc.subject neotropical
dc.subject rain-forest
dc.subject upper amazonian forests
dc.subject tree alpha-diversity
dc.subject species
dc.subject richness
dc.subject biodiversity hotspots
dc.subject climate-change
dc.subject batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis
dc.subject primate community
dc.subject biology
dc.subject multidisciplinary sciences
dc.title Global Conservation Significance of Ecuador's Yasuni National Park
dc.title.alternative
dc.type Other article
dc.description.version Version of Record
duke.date.pubdate 2010-1-19
duke.description.issue 1
duke.description.volume 5
dc.relation.journal Plos One
pubs.begin-page e8767
pubs.declined 2017-11-21T16:41:33.119-0500


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