Diagnosis of partial body radiation exposure in mice using peripheral blood gene expression profiles.
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In the event of a terrorist-mediated attack in the United States using radiological or improvised nuclear weapons, it is expected that hundreds of thousands of people could be exposed to life-threatening levels of ionizing radiation. We have recently shown that genome-wide expression analysis of the peripheral blood (PB) can generate gene expression profiles that can predict radiation exposure and distinguish the dose level of exposure following total body irradiation (TBI). However, in the event a radiation-mass casualty scenario, many victims will have heterogeneous exposure due to partial shielding and it is unknown whether PB gene expression profiles would be useful in predicting the status of partially irradiated individuals. Here, we identified gene expression profiles in the PB that were characteristic of anterior hemibody-, posterior hemibody- and single limb-irradiation at 0.5 Gy, 2 Gy and 10 Gy in C57Bl6 mice. These PB signatures predicted the radiation status of partially irradiated mice with a high level of accuracy (range 79-100%) compared to non-irradiated mice. Interestingly, PB signatures of partial body irradiation were poorly predictive of radiation status by site of injury (range 16-43%), suggesting that the PB molecular response to partial body irradiation was anatomic site specific. Importantly, PB gene signatures generated from TBI-treated mice failed completely to predict the radiation status of partially irradiated animals or non-irradiated controls. These data demonstrate that partial body irradiation, even to a single limb, generates a characteristic PB signature of radiation injury and thus may necessitate the use of multiple signatures, both partial body and total body, to accurately assess the status of an individual exposed to radiation.
Gene Expression Profiling
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
Radiation Injuries, Experimental
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1371/journal.pone.0011535
Publication InfoChao, Nelson J; Chute, JP; Daher, P; Doan, Phuong Linh; Dressman, HK; Himburg, Heather; ... Russell, JL (2010). Diagnosis of partial body radiation exposure in mice using peripheral blood gene expression profiles. PLoS One, 5(7). pp. e11535. 10.1371/journal.pone.0011535. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/4550.
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Donald D. and Elizabeth G. Cooke Cancer Distinguished Research Professor
My research interests are in two broad areas, clinical hematopoietic stem cell and cord blood transplantation and in the laboratory studies related to graft vs. host disease and immune reconstitution. On the clinical side we are currently conducting approximately 50 different clinical protocols ranging from preparatory regimens, supportive care studies and disease specific protocols. Most of these clinical studies are centered around studies of the sources of stem cells and the methods to
Associate Professor of Medicine
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