High-throughput identification of chemical inhibitors of E. coli Group 2 capsule biogenesis as anti-virulence agents.
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Rising antibiotic resistance among Escherichia coli, the leading cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs), has placed a new focus on molecular pathogenesis studies, aiming to identify new therapeutic targets. Anti-virulence agents are attractive as chemotherapeutics to attenuate an organism during disease but not necessarily during benign commensalism, thus decreasing the stress on beneficial microbial communities and lessening the emergence of resistance. We and others have demonstrated that the K antigen capsule of E. coli is a preeminent virulence determinant during UTI and more invasive diseases. Components of assembly and export are highly conserved among the major K antigen capsular types associated with UTI-causing E. coli and are distinct from the capsule biogenesis machinery of many commensal E. coli, making these attractive therapeutic targets. We conducted a screen for anti-capsular small molecules and identified an agent designated "C7" that blocks the production of K1 and K5 capsules, unrelated polysaccharide types among the Group 2-3 capsules. Herein lies proof-of-concept that this screen may be implemented with larger chemical libraries to identify second-generation small-molecule inhibitors of capsule biogenesis. These inhibitors will lead to a better understanding of capsule biogenesis and may represent a new class of therapeutics.
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1371/journal.pone.0011642
Publication InfoGoller, Carlos C; & Seed, Patrick C (2010). High-throughput identification of chemical inhibitors of E. coli Group 2 capsule biogenesis as anti-virulence agents. PLoS One, 5(7). pp. e11642. 10.1371/journal.pone.0011642. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/4554.
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Associate Professor of Pediatrics
We are studying human microbial ecology and the molecular basis for different bacterial infections that are of relevance to both children and adults. Summaries of the research areas are described below: 1. THE MOLECULAR BASIS FOR VIRULENCE OF UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI AND URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is the leading cause of community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs). Over 100 million UTIs occur annually throughout the world inclu