A novel, non-apoptotic role for Scythe/BAT3: a functional switch between the pro- and anti-proliferative roles of p21 during the cell cycle.
Repository Usage Stats
Scythe/BAT3 is a member of the BAG protein family whose role in apoptosis, a form of programmed cell death, has been extensively studied. However, since the developmental defects observed in Bat3‐null mouse embryos cannot be explained solely by defects in apoptosis, I investigated whether BAT3 is also involved in regulating cell‐cycle progression. Using a stable‐inducible Bat3‐knockdown cellular system, I demonstrated that reduced BAT3 protein level causes a delay in both the G1/S transition and G2/M progression. Concurrent with these changes in cell‐cycle progression, I observed a reduction in the turnover and phosphorylation of the CDK inhibitor p21. p21 is best known as an inhibitor of DNA replication; however, phosphorylated p21 has also been shown to promote G2/M progression. Additionally, I observed that the p21 turnover rate was also reduced in Bat3‐knockdown cells released from G2/M synchronization. My findings indicate that in Bat3‐knockdown cells, p21 continues to be synthesized during cell‐cycle phases that do not normally require p21, resulting in p21 protein accumulation and a subsequent cell‐cycle delay. Finally, I showed that BAT3 co‐localizes with p21 during the cell cycle and is required for the translocation of p21 from the cytoplasm to the nucleus during the G1/S transition and G2/M progression. My study reveals a novel, non‐apoptoticrole for BAT3 in cell‐cycle regulation. By maintaining low p21 protein level during G1/S transition, BAT3 counteracts the inhibitory effect of p21 on DNA replication and thus enables the cells to progress from G1 into S phase. Conversely, during G2/M progression, BAT3 facilitates p21 phosphorylation, an event that promotes G2/M progression. BAT3 modulates these pro‐ and anti‐proliferative roles of p21 at least in part by regulating the translocation of p21 between the cytoplasm and nucleus of the cells to ensure proper functioning and regulation of p21 in the appropriate intracellular compartments during different cell‐cycle phases.
DepartmentMolecular Cancer Biology
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
RNA, Small Interfering
Tumor Cells, Cultured
CitationYong, Sheila T. (2012). A novel, non-apoptotic role for Scythe/BAT3: a functional switch between the pro- and anti-proliferative roles of p21 during the cell cycle. Dissertation, Duke University. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/4958.
More InfoShow full item record
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.
Rights for Collection: Duke Dissertations