Enhancement of cardiac function after adenoviral-mediated in vivo intracoronary beta2-adrenergic receptor gene delivery.
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Exogenous gene delivery to alter the function of the heart is a potential novel therapeutic strategy for treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure (HF). Before gene therapy approaches to alter cardiac function can be realized, efficient and reproducible in vivo gene techniques must be established to efficiently transfer transgenes globally to the myocardium. We have been testing the hypothesis that genetic manipulation of the myocardial beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) system, which is impaired in HF, can enhance cardiac function. We have delivered adenoviral transgenes, including the human beta2-AR (Adeno-beta2AR), to the myocardium of rabbits using an intracoronary approach. Catheter-mediated Adeno-beta2AR delivery produced diffuse multichamber myocardial expression, peaking 1 week after gene transfer. A total of 5 x 10(11) viral particles of Adeno-beta2AR reproducibly produced 5- to 10-fold beta-AR overexpression in the heart, which, at 7 and 21 days after delivery, resulted in increased in vivo hemodynamic function compared with control rabbits that received an empty adenovirus. Several physiological parameters, including dP/dtmax as a measure of contractility, were significantly enhanced basally and showed increased responsiveness to the beta-agonist isoproterenol. Our results demonstrate that global myocardial in vivo gene delivery is possible and that genetic manipulation of beta-AR density can result in enhanced cardiac performance. Thus, replacement of lost receptors seen in HF may represent novel inotropic therapy.
Gene Expression Regulation
Heart Function Tests
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1172/JCI6026
Publication InfoDolber, Paul Christian; Glower, Donald D Jr; Hata, Jonathan Andrew; Koch, Walter J; Lefkowitz, Robert J; Maurice, JP; ... Wilson, KH (1999). Enhancement of cardiac function after adenoviral-mediated in vivo intracoronary beta2-adrenergic receptor gene delivery. J Clin Invest, 104(1). pp. 21-29. 10.1172/JCI6026. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10161/5923.
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Professor of Surgery
Current clinical research projects examine the effects of patient characteristics and surgical technique in outcome after minimally invasive cardiac surgery, valve repair and replacement, and coronary artery bypass grafting. Prior work has examined the role of surgical therapy versus medical therapy in aortic dissection, load-independent means to quantify left and right ventricular function, and management of complex coronary disease.
James B. Duke Professor of Medicine
The focus of work in this laboratory is on the elucidation of the molecular properties and regulatory mechanisms controlling the function of G protein-coupled receptors. As model systems we utilize the so called adrenergic receptors for adrenaline and related molecules. The goal is to learn the general principles of signal transduction from the outside to the inside of the cell which are involved in systems as diverse as sensory perception, neuro- transmitter and hormonal signaling. Stud
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