β-Adrenergic Receptor Kinase-1 Levels in Catecholamine-Induced Myocardial Hypertrophy
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Pressure overload ventricular hypertrophy is accompanied by dysfunctional β-adrenergic receptor signaling due to increased levels of the β-adrenergic receptor kinase-1, which phosphorylates and desensitizes β-adrenergic receptors. In this study, we examined whether increased β-adrenergic receptor kinase 1 expression is associated with myocardial hypertrophy induced by adrenergic stimulation. With use of implanted mini-osmotic pumps, we treated mice with isoproterenol, phenylephrine, or vehicle to distinguish between α1- and β-adrenergic stimulation. Both treatments resulted in cardiac hypertrophy, but only isoproterenol induced significant increases in β-adrenergic receptor kinase-1 protein levels and activity. Similarly, in isolated adult rat cardiac myocytes, 24 hours of isoproterenol stimulation resulted in a significant 2.8-fold increase in β-adrenergic receptor kinase-1 protein levels, whereas 24 hours of phenylephrine treatment did not alter β-adrenergic receptor kinase-1 expression. Our results indicate that increased β-adrenergic receptor kinase-1 is not invariably associated with myocardial hypertrophy but apparently is controlled by the state of β-adrenergic receptor activation.
G protein–coupled receptor kinases
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1161/01.HYP.33.1.396
CitationIaccarino, G., P. C. Dolber, et al. (1999). "β-Adrenergic Receptor Kinase-1 Levels in Catecholamine-Induced Myocardial Hypertrophy." Hypertension 33(1): 396-401.
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James B. Duke Distinguished Professor of Medicine
Dr. Lefkowitz’s memoir, A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to Stockholm, recounts his early career as a cardiologist and his transition to biochemistry, which led to his Nobel Prize win. Robert J. Lefkowitz, M.D. is James B. Duke Professor of Medicine and Professor of Biochemistry and Chemistry at the Duke University Medical Center. He has been an Investigator of the