Risk factors for and estimated incidence of community-associated Clostridium difficile infection, North Carolina, USA.
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We determined estimated incidence of and risk factors for community-associated Clostridium difficile infection (CA-CDI) among patients treated at 6 North Carolina hospitals. CA-CDI case-patients were defined as adults (>18 years of age) with a positive stool test result for C. difficile toxin and no hospitalization within the prior 8 weeks. CA-CDI incidence was 21 and 46 per 100,000 person-years in Veterans Affairs (VA) outpatients and Durham County populations, respectively. VA case-patients were more likely than controls to have received antimicrobial drugs (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 17.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 6.6-48] and to have had a recent outpatient visit (aOR 5.1, 95% CI 1.5-17.9). County case-patients were more likely than controls to have received antimicrobial drugs (aOR 9.1, 95% CI 2.9-28.9), to have gastroesophageal reflux disease (aOR 11.2, 95% CI 1.9-64.2), and to have cardiac failure (aOR 3.8, 95% CI 1.1-13.7). Risk factors for CA-CDI overlap with those for healthcare-associated infection.
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Published Version (Please cite this version)10.3201/eid1602.090953
Publication InfoKutty, Preeta K; Woods, Christopher W; Sena, Arlene C; Benoit, Stephen R; Naggie, Susanna; Frederick, Joyce; ... McDonald, L Clifford (2010). Risk factors for and estimated incidence of community-associated Clostridium difficile infection, North Carolina, USA. Emerg Infect Dis, 16(2). pp. 197-204. 10.3201/eid1602.090953. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/6345.
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Associate Professor of Medicine
Dr. Susanna Naggie completed her medical education at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and her internal medicine training at Duke University Medical Center (DUMC), where she also served as a Chief Resident in Internal Medicine. She completed her Infectious Diseases (ID) fellowship training at Duke and then joined the faculty in the Division of ID. She is an Associate Professor of Medicine with Tenure and currently holds joint appointments at the Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI, D
Professor of Medicine
1. Emerging Infections 2. Global Health 3. Epidemiology of infectious diseases 4. Clinical microbiology and diagnostics 5. Bioterrorism Preparedness 6. Surveillance for communicable diseases 7. Antimicrobial resistance
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