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Genetic evaluation of a proposed introduction: the case of the greater prairie chicken and the extinct heath hen.

dc.contributor.author Palkovacs, EP
dc.contributor.author Oppenheimer, AJ
dc.contributor.author Gladyshev, E
dc.contributor.author Toepfer, JE
dc.contributor.author Amato, G
dc.contributor.author Chase, T
dc.contributor.author Caccone, A
dc.coverage.spatial England
dc.date.accessioned 2013-04-16T16:40:31Z
dc.date.issued 2004-07
dc.identifier http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15189201
dc.identifier MEC2181
dc.identifier.issn 0962-1083
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/6532
dc.description.abstract Population introduction is an important tool for ecosystem restoration. However, before introductions should be conducted, it is important to evaluate the genetic, phenotypic and ecological suitability of possible replacement populations. Careful genetic analysis is particularly important if it is suspected that the extirpated population was unique or genetically divergent. On the island of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, the introduction of greater prairie chickens (Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus) to replace the extinct heath hen (T. cupido cupido) is being considered as part of an ecosystem restoration project. Martha's Vineyard was home to the last remaining heath hen population until its extinction in 1932. We conducted this study to aid in determining the suitability of greater prairie chickens as a possible replacement for the heath hen. We examined mitochondrial control region sequences from extant populations of all prairie grouse species (Tympanuchus) and from museum skin heath hen specimens. Our data suggest that the Martha's Vineyard heath hen population represents a divergent mitochondrial lineage. This result is attributable either to a long period of geographical isolation from other prairie grouse populations or to a population bottleneck resulting from human disturbance. The mtDNA diagnosability of the heath hen contrasts with the network of mtDNA haplotypes of other prairie grouse (T. cupido attwateri, T. pallidicinctus and T. phasianellus), which do not form distinguishable mtDNA groupings. Our findings suggest that the Martha's Vineyard heath hen was more genetically isolated than are current populations of prairie grouse and place the emphasis for future research on examining prairie grouse adaptations to different habitat types to assess ecological exchangeability between heath hens and greater prairie chickens.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Mol Ecol
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2004.02181.x
dc.subject Animals
dc.subject Base Sequence
dc.subject Conservation of Natural Resources
dc.subject DNA Primers
dc.subject DNA, Mitochondrial
dc.subject Ecosystem
dc.subject Galliformes
dc.subject Genetic Variation
dc.subject Haplotypes
dc.subject Likelihood Functions
dc.subject Massachusetts
dc.subject Models, Genetic
dc.subject Molecular Sequence Data
dc.subject Sequence Analysis, DNA
dc.subject Species Specificity
dc.title Genetic evaluation of a proposed introduction: the case of the greater prairie chicken and the extinct heath hen.
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Palkovacs, EP|0513338
pubs.author-url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15189201
pubs.begin-page 1759
pubs.end-page 1769
pubs.issue 7
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Marine Science and Conservation
pubs.organisational-group Nicholas School of the Environment
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 13


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