Use of "entertainment" chimpanzees in commercials distorts public perception regarding their conservation status.
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Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are often used in movies, commercials and print advertisements with the intention of eliciting a humorous response from audiences. The portrayal of chimpanzees in unnatural, human-like situations may have a negative effect on the public's understanding of their endangered status in the wild while making them appear as suitable pets. Alternatively, media content that elicits a positive emotional response toward chimpanzees may increase the public's commitment to chimpanzee conservation. To test these competing hypotheses, participants (n = 165) watched a series of commercials in an experiment framed as a marketing study. Imbedded within the same series of commercials was one of three chimpanzee videos. Participants either watched 1) a chimpanzee conservation commercial, 2) commercials containing "entertainment" chimpanzees or 3) control footage of the natural behavior of wild chimpanzees. Results from a post-viewing questionnaire reveal that participants who watched the conservation message understood that chimpanzees were endangered and unsuitable as pets at higher levels than those viewing the control footage. Meanwhile participants watching commercials with entertainment chimpanzees showed a decrease in understanding relative to those watching the control footage. In addition, when participants were given the opportunity to donate part of their earnings from the experiment to a conservation charity, donations were least frequent in the group watching commercials with entertainment chimpanzees. Control questions show that participants did not detect the purpose of the study. These results firmly support the hypothesis that use of entertainment chimpanzees in the popular media negatively distorts the public's perception and hinders chimpanzee conservation efforts.
Conservation of Natural Resources
Surveys and Questionnaires
Published Version (Please cite this version)10.1371/journal.pone.0026048
Publication InfoChartrand, T; Hare, Brian; Rosati, Alexandra G; & Schroepfer, KK (2011). Use of "entertainment" chimpanzees in commercials distorts public perception regarding their conservation status. PLoS One, 6(10). pp. e26048. 10.1371/journal.pone.0026048. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10161/6941.
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Roy J. Bostock Marketing Distinguished Professor
Tanya Chartrand is the Roy J. Bostock Marketing Professor and Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University. Her research interests focus on the nonconscious processes influencing emotion, cognition, and behavior. Tanya has published in numerous psychology and consumer behavior journals, including American Psychologist, Psychological Science, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Journa
Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology
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