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Costa Rica's payment for environmental services program: intention, implementation, and impact.

dc.contributor.author Sánchez-Azofeifa, G Arturo
dc.contributor.author Pfaff, Alexander
dc.contributor.author Robalino, Juan Andres
dc.contributor.author Boomhower, Judson P
dc.coverage.spatial United States
dc.date.accessioned 2013-04-29T19:12:51Z
dc.date.issued 2007-10
dc.identifier https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17883482
dc.identifier CBI751
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10161/6955
dc.description.abstract We evaluated the intention, implementation, and impact of Costa Rica's program of payments for environmental services (PSA), which was established in the late 1990s. Payments are given to private landowners who own land in forest areas in recognition of the ecosystem services their land provides. To characterize the distribution of PSA in Costa Rica, we combined remote sensing with geographic information system databases and then used econometrics to explore the impacts of payments on deforestation. Payments were distributed broadly across ecological and socioeconomic gradients, but the 1997-2000 deforestation rate was not significantly lower in areas that received payments. Other successful Costa Rican conservation policies, including those prior to the PSA program, may explain the current reduction in deforestation rates. The PSA program is a major advance in the global institutionalization of ecosystem investments because few, if any, other countries have such a conservation history and because much can be learned from Costa Rica's experiences.
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof Conserv Biol
dc.relation.isversionof 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2007.00751.x
dc.subject Conservation of Natural Resources
dc.subject Costa Rica
dc.subject Ecosystem
dc.subject Forestry
dc.subject Ownership
dc.subject Public Policy
dc.subject Time Factors
dc.title Costa Rica's payment for environmental services program: intention, implementation, and impact.
dc.type Journal article
duke.contributor.id Pfaff, Alexander|0426721
pubs.author-url https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17883482
pubs.begin-page 1165
pubs.end-page 1173
pubs.issue 5
pubs.organisational-group Duke
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Center
pubs.organisational-group Duke Population Research Institute
pubs.organisational-group Economics
pubs.organisational-group Sanford School of Public Policy
pubs.organisational-group Trinity College of Arts & Sciences
pubs.publication-status Published
pubs.volume 21
dc.identifier.eissn 1523-1739


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