Receptor-specific in vivo desensitization by the G protein-coupled receptor kinase-5 in transgenic mice.
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Transgenic mice were generated with cardiac-specific overexpression of the G protein-coupled receptor kinase-5 (GRK5), a serine/threonine kinase most abundantly expressed in the heart compared with other tissues. Animals overexpressing GRK5 showed marked beta-adrenergic receptor desensitization in both the anesthetized and conscious state compared with nontransgenic control mice, while the contractile response to angiotensin II receptor stimulation was unchanged. In contrast, the angiotensin II-induced rise in contractility was significantly attenuated in transgenic mice overexpressing the beta-adrenergic receptor kinase-1, another member of the GRK family. These data suggest that myocardial overexpression of GRK5 results in selective uncoupling of G protein-coupled receptors and demonstrate that receptor specificity of the GRKs may be important in determining the physiological phenotype.
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 5
Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta
beta-Adrenergic Receptor Kinases
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James B. Duke Professor of Medicine
The focus of work in this laboratory is on the elucidation of the molecular properties and regulatory mechanisms controlling the function of G protein-coupled receptors. As model systems we utilize the so called adrenergic receptors for adrenaline and related molecules. The goal is to learn the general principles of signal transduction from the outside to the inside of the cell which are involved in systems as diverse as sensory perception, neuro- transmitter and hormonal signaling. Stud
Edward S. Orgain Professor of Cardiology, in the School of Medicine
Rockman Lab: Molecular Mechanisms of Hypertrophy and Heart Failure Overall Research Direction: The major focus of this laboratory is to understand the molecular mechanisms of hypertrophy and heart failure. My laboratory uses a strategy that combines state of the art molecular techniques to generate transgenic and gene targeted mouse models, combined with sophisticated physiologic measures of in vivo cardiac function. In this manner, candidate molecules are either selectively
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Diversé-Pierluissi, M; Drazner, Mark H; Dyer, SL; Freedman, NJ; Lefkowitz, Robert J; Oppermann, M; Peppel, Karsten C (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 1996-07-23)Guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein (G protein)-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) constitute a family of serine/threonine kinases that play a major role in the agonist-induced phosphorylation and desensitization ...
Daaka, Y; Lefkowitz, Robert J; Pitcher, JA; Richardson, M; Robishaw, JD; Stoffel, RH (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 1997-03-18)The G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) kinases (GRKs) phosphorylate and desensitize agonist-occupied GPCRs. GRK2-mediated receptor phosphorylation is preceded by the agonist-dependent membrane association of this enzyme. ...
Hybrid transgenic mice reveal in vivo specificity of G protein-coupled receptor kinases in the heart. Benovic, JL; Duncan, SJ; Eckhart, AD; Koch, Walter J; Lefkowitz, Robert J; Penn, RB (Circ Res, 2000-01-07)G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) phosphorylate activated G protein-coupled receptors, including alpha(1B)-adrenergic receptors (ARs), resulting in desensitization. In vivo analysis of GRK substrate selectivity has ...